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|Centuries:||19th century – 20th century – 21st century|
|Decades:||1940s 1950s 1960s – 1970s – 1980s 1990s 2000s|
|Years:||1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979|
|Categories:||Births – Deaths – Architecture|
Establishments – Disestablishments
The 1970s was the decade that started on January 1, 1970, and ended on December 31, 1979.
Events[change | change source]
- Throughout the decade: decolonization continued: Angola, Mozambique, Papua New Guinea, Oman, the Bahamas, and many other countries gained independence. Also, metrication in many English speaking countries.
- 1970, December 15 – spaceship Venera 7 lands on Venus.
- 1971 – Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
- December 16 – Partition of Pakistan of East and West Pakistans into Bangladesh and Pakistan.
- 1972, March 2 – Pioneer 10 is launched (sent into space). It becomes the first spaceship to fly near Jupiter and the asteroid belt.
- 1972 – Munich massacre
- 1973, April 6 – Pioneer 11 is launched. It becomes the first the first spaceship to fly near Saturn.
- 1974 – August 9 Richard Nixon resigned as President of the United States due to the Watergate scandal.
- 1973 – 1973 Arab-Israeli War
- 1975 – end of the Vietnam War
- 1975 – communists take power in Cambodia.
- 1976, July 20 – spaceship Viking 1 lands on Mars.
- 1977, August 20 – Voyager 2 is launched. It becomes the first spaceship to fly near Uranus and Neptune.
- 1977, September 5 – Voyager 1 is launched. It is now the farthest spaceship from the Earth.
- 1977: The last cases of smallpox of the world.
- 1978 – year with three popes
- 1978, October 1 – Vietnam invades Cambodia.
- 1979 – the World Health Organization says it has eliminated smallpox.
People[change | change source]
Actor[change | change source]
- John Travolta, American actor
Actress[change | change source]
Footballer[change | change source]
- Pelé, Brazilian football player
World Leader[change | change source]
- Edward Heath, Prime Minister of United Kingdom
- Harold Wilson, Prime Minister of United Kingdom
- James Callaghan, Prime Minister of United Kingdom
- Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of United Kingdom
- Fidel Castro, President of Cuba
- Augusto Pinochet, President of Chile
- Willy Brandt, Chancellor of Germany (until 1974)
- Leonid Brezhnev, leader of the Soviet Union beginning in 1964
- Richard Nixon, President of the United States (until 1974)
- Gerald Ford, President of the United States (until 1977)
- Jimmy Carter, President of the United States
- Elizabeth II, British queen since 1952
- Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel until 1977
- Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India until 1977
- Golda Meir, Prime Minister of Israel (until 1974)
- Yasser Arafat, Palestinian leader
- Hirohito, Emperor of Japan
- Pope John Paul I, pope
- Pope John Paul II, pope
- Francisco Franco, dictator of Spain (until 1975)
- Deng Xiaoping, leader in China
- Mao Zedong, leader in China (until 1976)
- Pope Paul VI, pope (until 1978)
- Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran until 1979
- Ayatollah Khomeini
- Juan Perón, President of Argentina (until 1974)
- Jorge Rafael Videla, dictator of Argentina
- Muammar al-Gaddafi, dictator Libyan
- Pol Pot, Prime Minister of Cambodia
- Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt
- Helmut Schmidt, Chancellor of Germany
- Georges Pompidou, President of France
- Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand
- Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, President of France
- Pierre Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada (until 1979)