President of Egypt

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President of the
Arab Republic of Egypt
Flag of the President of Egypt.svg
Presidential Standard
AbdelFattah Elsisi.jpg
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi

since 8 June 2014
StyleHis Excellency
ResidenceHeliopolis Palace, Cairo, Egypt
Term lengthFour years
renewable once
Inaugural holderMuhammad Naguib
18 June 1953
Salary900,000 (approx. US$47,000) annually[1]

The President of the Arab Republic of Egypt (Arabic: رئيس جمهورية مصر العربية) is the head of state of Egypt. Under the president is also the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and head of the executive branch of the Egyptian government. The current president is Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, in office since 8 June 2014.

2005/2007 constitutional amendments[change | change source]

In 2005 and 2007, constitutional amendments were made. Principles in the amended constitution include:

  • The election of the president of the republic by direct secret ballot from among all citizens who have the right to vote.
  • Ensuring that multiple candidates be put forward for the people to choose from.
  • Ensuring the credibility of the nomination process.
  • Providing the opportunity for political parties to put forward one of their leaders to contest the first presidential elections to be held in light of the amendment.
  • The establishment of a presidential election commission that would enjoy complete independence to supervise the election process.
  • Carrying out the election in a single day.
  • Ensuring judicial supervision over the voting process.

Candidacy[change | change source]

Candidates must have the recommendation of 20 members of the House of Representatives or the endorsement of 25,000 people across 15 governorates, with at least 1,000 signatures from each.

Term[change | change source]

The president of the republic may be re-elected once. The constitution specifies the number of terms a president shall remain in office to be limited to two terms.

Living former Presidents[change | change source]

There are no living former presidents. The latest to die was Hosni Mubarak, who served from 1981 to 2011, on 25 February 2020, aged 91.

List[change | change source]

Government No. Portrait Name


Elected Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Flag of Egypt (1922–1953).svg
Republic of Egypt
(18 June 1953

22 February 1958)
Coat of arms of Egypt (1953–1958).svg
1 Muhammad Naguib.jpg Mohamed Naguib
محمد نجيب


18 June 1953 14 November 1954
1 year, 149 days   Military / Liberation Rally
Nasser portrait2.jpg Revolutionary Command Council
Chairman: Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser
14 November 1954 23 June 1956 1 year, 222 days   Military
2 Nasser portrait2.jpg Gamal Abdel Nasser
جمال عبد الناصر


23 June 1956 28 September 1970
14 years, 97 days   National Union
(until 1962)
Flag of the United Arab Republic (1958–1971).svg
United Arab Republic
(22 February 1958

2 September 1971)
Coat of arms of the United Arab Republic (1958–1971).svg
  Arab Socialist Union
3 Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg Anwar Sadat
أنور السادات


28 September 1970 (Acting)
15 October 1970
6 October 1981
11 years, 8 days   Arab Socialist Union
(until 1978)
Flag of Egypt.svg
Arab Republic of Egypt

Coat of arms of Egypt (Official).svg
  National Democratic Party
Sufi Abu Taleb.gif Sufi Abu Taleb
صوفى أبو طالب


Acting President 6 October 1981 14 October 1981 8 days   National Democratic Party
4 Hosni Mubarak ritratto.jpg Hosni Mubarak
حسنى مبارك


14 October 1981 11 February 2011
29 years, 120 days   National Democratic Party
Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi 2002.jpg Supreme Council of the Armed Forces
Chairman: Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi
محمد حسين طنطاوي


11 February 2011 20 August 2012 1 year, 191 days   Military
5 Mohamed Morsi-05-2013.jpg Mohamed Morsi
محمد مرسي


2012 20 August 2012 3 July 2013
317 days   Freedom and Justice Party
Adly Mansour.JPG Adly Mansour
عدلي منصور


Interim President 4 July 2013 8 June 2014 339 days   Independent
6 AbdelFattah Elsisi.jpg Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
عبد الفتاح السيسى


8 June 2014 Incumbent[note 1] 8 years, 222 days   Independent

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Abdel Fattah el-Sisi's mandate expires 8 June 2024.

References[change | change source]

  1. Wahab, Abdel (2013-12-01). "President to receive legal maximum wage". The Cairo Post. Archived from the original on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2014-01-19.

Other websites[change | change source]