President of Vietnam

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
President of the
Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Chủ tịch nước Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam
Mr. Nguyen Xuan Phuc.jpg
Incumbent
Nguyễn Xuân Phúc

since 5 April 2021
StyleMr. President / Đồng chí
(comrade) (formal)
His Excellency
(formal)
StatusHead of state
1st or 2nd in Politburo of the Communist Party
Member ofCentral Committee of the Communist Party
Central Police Party Committee
Central Military Commission
National Assembly
Council for National Defense and Security
ResidencePresidential Palace, Hanoi, Vietnam
NominatorStanding Committee of the National Assembly
AppointerNational Assembly
Term length5 years
renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Vietnam
Inaugural holderHồ Chí Minh
26 August 1945
Formation2 September 1945
DeputyVice President of Vietnam
SalaryVND 15,730,000 monthly[1]
WebsiteOfficial website (Vietnamese)

The President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Chủ tịch nước Cộng hoà Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam) is, according to the constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the elected head of state of Vietnam, holds the second highest office in Vietnam after General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

In addition, the president appoints the head of government, the Prime Minister. The President represents the government both domestically and internationally.

The President appoints the Vice President, Prime Minister, Ministers and other officials with the consent of the National Assembly.[2]

The President is the Supreme Commander-in-chief of the Vietnam People's Armed Forces, Chairman of the Council for Defense and Security.

If the President becomes unable to discharge duties of office, the Vice President assumes the office of acting president until the President resumes duty, or until the election of a new president.

Presidents of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1945–1976)[change | change source]

Number
[note 1]
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Time in office Rank
[note 2]
Political party
1 A man with a thick beard wearing traditional clothing Hồ Chí Minh
(1890–1969)
(Lived: 79 years)
September 2, 1945 September 2, 1969
[note 3]
24 years, 0 days 1 Communist Party of Indochina (until 1951)
Worker's Party of Vietnam (since 1951)
Huỳnh Thúc Kháng
(1876–1947)
(Lived: 70 years)
May 31, 1946 September 21, 1946 113 days Independent
Tôn Đức Thắng
(1888–1980)
(Lived: 91 years)
September 3, 1969 September 23, 1969 20 days Worker's Party of Vietnam
2 September 23, 1969 July 2, 1976 6 years, 283 days 1

Chairman of the Consultative Council of the Republic of South Vietnam (1969–1976)[change | change source]

Number Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Time in office Political party
1 Nguyễn Hữu Thọ
(1910–1996)
(Lived: 86 years)
June 8, 1969 July 2, 1976 7 years, 24 days People's Revolutionary Party of Vietnam (influenced by Worker's Party of Vietnam)

Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1976–present)[change | change source]

Status
  Denotes Acting President
No.
[note 1]
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Officially In the state Took office Left office Time in office
President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
(2) 1 Mr. Ton Duc Thang.jpg Tôn Đức Thắng
(1888–1980)
2 July 1976 30 March 1980† 3 years, 272 days Worker's Party of Vietnam
(until December 1976)
Communist Party of Vietnam
(from December 1976)
Nguyễn Hữu Thọ.jpg Nguyễn Hữu Thọ
(1910–1996)
30 March 1980 4 July 1981 1 year, 96 days Communist Party of Vietnam
Chairman of the Council of State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
3 2 TruongChinh1955.jpg Trường Chinh
(1907–1988)
4 July 1981 18 June 1987 5 years, 349 days Communist Party of Vietnam
4 3 Võ Chí Công
(1912–2011)
18 June 1987 22 September 1992 5 years, 96 days Communist Party of Vietnam
President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
5 4 Lê Đức Anh.jpg Army general Lê Đức Anh
(1920–2019)
23 September 1992 24 September 1997 5 years, 1 day Communist Party of Vietnam
6 5 Tran Duc Luong, Nov 17, 2004.jpg Trần Đức Lương
(1937–)
24 September 1997 27 June 2006 8 years, 276 days Communist Party of Vietnam
7 6 Mr. Nguyen Minh Triet.jpg Nguyễn Minh Triết
(1942–)
27 June 2006 25 July 2011 5 years, 28 days Communist Party of Vietnam
8 7 Mr. Truong Tan Sang.jpg Trương Tấn Sang
(1949–)
25 July 2011 2 April 2016 4 years, 252 days Communist Party of Vietnam
9 8 Mr. Tran Dai Quang.jpg Police general Trần Đại Quang
(1956–2018)
2 April 2016 21 September 2018† 2 years, 172 days Communist Party of Vietnam
Mrs. Dang Thi Ngoc Thinh.jpg Đặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh
(1959–)
21 September 2018 23 October 2018 32 days Communist Party of Vietnam
10 9 Nguyen Phu Trong 2.jpg Nguyễn Phú Trọng
(1944–)
23 October 2018 5 April 2021 2 years, 164 days Communist Party of Vietnam
11 10 Mr. Nguyen Xuan Phuc.jpg Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
(1954–)
5 April 2021 Incumbent 240 days Communist Party of Vietnam

Living former presidents[change | change source]

Image Name Term of office Age
Tran Duc Luong, Nov 17, 2004.jpg Trần Đức Lương 1997–2006 85 years, 210 days
Mr. Nguyen Minh Triet.jpg Nguyễn Minh Triết 2006–2011 79 years, 54 days
Mr. Truong Tan Sang.jpg Trương Tấn Sang 2011–2016 72 years, 314 days
Nguyen Phu Trong 2.jpg Nguyễn Phú Trọng 2018–2021 77 years, 231 days

References[change | change source]

  1. News, V. T. C. (13 August 2016). "Lương của Chủ tịch nước, Thủ tướng, Chủ tịch Quốc hội là bao nhiêu? - VTC News". Báo VTC.
  2. Staff writer. "the president takes the following oath before the National Congress". 13th National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam. Retrieved 2 April 2016.