President of Vietnam

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President of the
Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Emblem of Vietnam.svg
Nguyễn Phú Trọng 092916 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Nguyễn Phú Trọng

since 23 October 2018
StyleMr. President
(formal)
His Excellency
(in international correspondence)
Status1st or 2nd in Politburo
Member ofPolitical Bureau
Central Committee of the Communist Party
Central Police Party Committee
Central Military Commission
ResidencePresidential Palace, Hanoi, Vietnam
AppointerNational Assembly
Term lengthFive years
renewable twice
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Vietnam
Inaugural holderHồ Chí Minh
26 August 1945
Formation2 September 1945
DeputyVice President of Vietnam
WebsiteOfficial website (Vietnamese)

The President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Chủ tịch nước Cộng hoà Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam) is, according to the constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the elected head of state of Vietnam, holds the second highest office in Vietnam after General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam.

In addition, the president appoints the head of government, the Prime Minister. The President represents the government both domestically and internationally.

The President appoints the Vice President, Prime Minister, Ministers and other officials with the consent of the National Assembly.[1]

The President is the Supreme Commander-in-chief of the Vietnam People's Armed Forces, Chairman of the Council for Defense and Security.

If the President becomes unable to discharge duties of office, the Vice President assumes the office of acting president until the President resumes duty, or until the election of a new president.

Presidents of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1945–1976)[change | change source]

Number
[note 1]
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Time in office Rank
[note 2]
Political party
1 A man with a thick beard wearing traditional clothing Hồ Chí Minh
(1890–1969)
(Lived: 79 years)
September 2, 1945 September 2, 1969
[note 3]
24 years, 0 days 1 Communist Party of Indochina (until 1951)
Worker's Party of Vietnam (since 1951)
Huỳnh Thúc Kháng
(1876–1947)
(Lived: 70 years)
May 31, 1946 September 21, 1946 113 days Independent
Tôn Đức Thắng
(1888–1980)
(Lived: 91 years)
September 3, 1969 September 23, 1969 20 days Worker's Party of Vietnam
2 September 23, 1969 July 2, 1976 6 years, 283 days 1

Chairman of the Consultative Council of the Republic of South Vietnam (1969–1976)[change | change source]

Number Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Time in office Political party
1 Nguyễn Hữu Thọ
(1910–1996)
(Lived: 86 years)
June 8, 1969 July 2, 1976 7 years, 24 days People's Revolutionary Party of Vietnam (influenced by Worker's Party of Vietnam)

Heads of state of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1976–present)[change | change source]

Presidents (1976–1981)[change | change source]

Number
[note 1]
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Time in office Rank
[note 2]
Previous office Political party
1 Tôn Đức Thắng
(1888–1980)
(Lived: 91 years)
July 2, 1976 March 30, 1980
[note 3]
3 years, 272 days 1 President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1969-1976) Communist Party of Vietnam
Nguyễn Hữu Thọ
(1910–1996)
(Lived: 86 years)
March 30, 1980 July 4, 1981 1 year, 96 days Vice President of Vietnam Communist Party of Vietnam

Chairmen of the Council of State (1981–1992)[change | change source]

Number
[note 1]
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Time in office Rank
[note 2]
Previous office Political party
2 A old bald man wearing traditional clothing Trường Chinh
(1907–1988)
(Lived: 81 years)
July 4, 1981 June 18, 1987 5 years, 349 days 2
[note 4]
Chairman of the National Assembly (1960-1981) Communist Party of Vietnam
3 Võ Chí Công
(1912–2011)
(Lived: 99 years)
June 18, 1987 September 22, 1992 5 years, 96 days 3 Minister of Agriculture (1977-1979) Communist Party of Vietnam

Presidents (1992–present)[change | change source]

Number
[note 1]
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Time in office Rank
[note 2]
Previous office Political party
4 Lê Đức Anh
(1920–2019)
(Lived: 98 years)
September 23, 1992 September 23, 1997 5 years, 0 days 2 Chief of the General Staff (1986–1987)
Minister of Defence (1987–1991)
Communist Party of Vietnam
5 a smiling man with black hair, wearing glasses, and dressed in a suit with a red tie Trần Đức Lương
(1936–)
(83 years old)
September 24, 1997 June 26, 2006 8 years, 275 days 2 Deputy Prime Minister (1987–1997) Communist Party of Vietnam
6 a smiling man with black hair, dressed in a suit with a yellow tie Nguyễn Minh Triết
(1942–)
(77 years old)
June 27, 2006 July 25, 2011 5 years, 28 days 4 Head of the Central Mass Mobilization Commission (1997–2000)
Secretary of the Ho Chi Minh City Party Committee (2000–2006)
Communist Party of Vietnam
7 a smiling man with black hair, dressed in a suit with a purple tie Trương Tấn Sang
(1949–)
(70 years old)
July 25, 2011 April 2, 2016 4 years, 252 days 1 Secretary of the Ho Chi Minh City Party Committee (1996–2000)
Head of the Party Central Committee Economic Commission (2000–2003)
Executive Secretary of the Communist Party (2006–2011)
Communist Party of Vietnam
8 Trần Đại Quang 092916 (cropped).jpg Trần Đại Quang
(1956–2018)
(Lived: 61 years)
April 2, 2016 September 21, 2018
[note 3]
2 years, 172 days 2 Minister of Public Security (2011–2016) Communist Party of Vietnam
Dang Thi Ngoc Thing (cropped).jpg Đặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh
(1959–)
(60 years old)
September 21, 2018 October 23, 2018 32 days Vice President of Vietnam Communist Party of Vietnam
9 Nguyen Phu Trong.jpg Nguyễn Phú Trọng
(1944–)
(75 years old)
October 23, 2018 incumbent 1 year, 24 days 1 General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (2011–) Communist Party of Vietnam

Living former presidents[change | change source]

Image Name Term of office Age
Tran Duc Luong, Nov 17, 2004.jpg Trần Đức Lương 1997–2006 83 years, 195 days
Nguyen Minh Triet.jpg Nguyễn Minh Triết 2006–2011 77 years, 39 days
Truong Tan Sang Nov 2015.png Trương Tấn Sang 2011–2016 70 years, 299 days

References[change | change source]

  1. Staff writer. "the president takes the following oath before the National Congress". 13th National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam. Retrieved 2 April 2016.