Pope John XXIII

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pope Saint

Bishop of Rome
Papacy began28 October 1958
Papacy ended3 June 1963
PredecessorPius XII
SuccessorPaul VI
Ordination10 August 1904
by Giuseppe Ceppetelli
Consecration19 March 1925
by Giovanni Tacci Porcelli
Created cardinal12 January 1953
by Pius XII
Personal details
Birth nameAngelo Giuseppe Roncalli
Born(1881-11-25)25 November 1881
Sotto il Monte, Bergamo, Kingdom of Italy
Died3 June 1963(1963-06-03) (aged 81)
Apostolic Palace, Vatican City
Previous post
MottoOboedientia et Pax (Obedience and Peace)
SignatureJohn XXIII's signature
Coat of armsJohn XXIII's coat of arms
Feast day
Venerated in
Beatified3 September 2000
Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City
by Pope John Paul II
Canonized27 April 2014
Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City
by Pope Francis
Other popes named John

Saint Pope John XXIII (Latin: Ioannes PP. XXIII; Italian: Giovanni XXIII), born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (25 November 1881 - 3 June 1963), was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 262nd Pope from 1958 to 1963.[6]

Early life[change | change source]

Roncalli was born in Sotto il Monte Giovanni XXIII in northern Italy.[7]

Priest[change | change source]

In 1904 he was ordained as a priest in the Roman Church of Santa Maria. Later in 1905, the new Bishop of Bergamo, Giacomo Maria Radini Tedeschi, appointed Angelo his secretary. Angelo went with Bishop Giacomo to all his pastoral visits. Angelo also helped him with many other tasks like managing the diocesan bulletin, going on pilgrimages, and social works. Angelo did more than just that while in the seminary; using his very good preaching skills he taught history, patrology, and apologetics. It was in the seminary he met the two future saints that would affect his life dramatically. These two Saints were St. Charles Borromeo and St. Francis de Sales, who were both very good pastors in the same seminary, and had a kind of apprentice like relationship. Father Angelo was extremely devoted to Bishop Giacomo until his death in 1914. After Bishop Giacomo’s death, Father Angelo continued teaching in the seminary, but was dragged into World War I and served as a medical corps sergeant after the war started Italy’s first home for poor young students. His life after the war started changing dramatically, and he even got the attention of Pope Pius XI.

Bishop[change | change source]

From 1925 to 1944, Roncalli was a papal representative in the Balkans and the Mideast.[8]

Pope Pius XI named him Apostolic Visitator in Bulgaria, which brought him to the episcopate with the titular Diocese of Areopolis. He chose a motto, Oboedientia et Pax, which was his motto for the rest of his life.

Cardinal[change | change source]

Roncalli was Patriarch of Venice from 1953 to 1958.[9] Venice is the see of a cardinal.[10]

Pope[change | change source]

The pope's image on a German postage stamp

Cardinal Roncalli was elected pope on October 29, 1958.[11] His coronation was televised in Europe, and filmed for viewing in other parts of the world.[12]

Pope John expanded the College of Cardinals by naming the first African Cardinal, the first Japanese Cardinal, the first Filipino Cardinal.[13] and the first Venezuelan Cardinal.[14]

He was the first Pope to make an official visit to the President of the Italian Republic at the Quirinal Palace.[15]

Second Vatican Council[change | change source]

Pope John brought together the church's bishops and cardinals in a meeting called Vatican Council II. After Pope John XXIII's death in June of 1963, the Council was continued by his successor, Pope Paul VI. The Council was completed in 1965.

After his death[change | change source]

John XXIII is buried with other popes in a crypt below St. Peter's Basilica.[16] According to the official news agency of the Soviet Union, the pope's reign "was marked by fruitful activity for the sake of consolidating peace and peaceful cooperation among nations."[17] On September 3, 2000, Pope John XXIII was beatified and given the title of "Blessed John XXIII". On April 27, 2014, Pope John XXIII was canonized by Pope Francis and declared a new Saint of the Catholic Church given the title of "Saint John XXIII" alongside Pope John Paul II now known as "Saint John Paul II".

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

The Coat of Arms of John XXIII
  1. "Patrons of Papal Delegates", Saints, SQPN
  2. "St. John XXIII, patron saint of Christian unity?". Vatican Insider. 24 March 2014. Archived from the original on 14 September 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  3. "On October 12, in memory of St. John XXIII dedication of the church hospital". Diocese of Bergamo. 2014. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  4. "Saint John XXIII for the first time becomes the patron". Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  5. Marco Roncalli (6 September 2017). "San Giovanni XXIII sarà patrono dell'Esercito". La Stampa. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  6. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009). Retrieved 2011-11-02.
  7. Cortesi, Arnaldo. "A Liberal Pontiff," New York Times. June 4, 1963. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
  8. Cortesi, Arnaldo. "Cardinal Roncalli Elected Pope," New York Times. October 29, 1958. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
  9. Doty, Robert C. "Court on Sainthood for Pope John Opens in Venice," New York Times. March 16, 1968. Retrieved 2011-10-18.
  10. "Pope Names Successor For His Post in Venice," New York Times. November 12, 1958. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
  11. Cortesi, Arnaldo. "Cardinal Roncalli Elected Pope," New York Times. October 29, 1958. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
  12. Cortesi, Arnaldo. "Coronation Rites for Pontiff Begin in Rome Splendor," New York Times. November 04, 1958. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
  13. Cortesi, Arnaldo. "Pope John Names a Negro Cardinal; A Native African, a Japanese and a Filipino Among 7 to Be Princes of Church," New York Times. March 4, 1960. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
  14. Cortesi, Arnaldo. "4 New Cardinals Elevated in Rome," New York Times. January 17, 1961; retrieved 2011-10-28; Laurean Rugambwa (1st African cardinal), Peter Tatsuo Doi (1st Japanese cardinal), Rufino Santos (1st Filipino cardinal), José Quintero Parra (1st Venezuelan cardinal).
  15. Cortesi, Arnaldo. "John XXIII Is First Pope to Call on Italian President," New York Times. May 12, 1963. Retrieved 2011-10-18.
  16. Cortesi, Arnaldo. "Pope John Buried in Basilica Crypt," New York Times. June 7, 1963. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
  17. "Tass Hails Pope John; Cites 'Fruitful Activity'," New York Times. June 04, 1963. Retrieved 2011-10-28.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Ioannes XXIII at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Pius XII
Succeeded by
Paul VI