Pope Alexander III

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Alexander III
Papacy began 7 September 1159
Papacy ended 30 August 1181
Predecessor Pope Adrian IV
Successor Pope Lucius III
Personal details
Birth name Orlando Bandinelli
Born c. 1100
Died August 30, 1181(1181-08-30)
Other Popes named Alexander

Pope Alexander III (Latin: Alexander Tertius; c. 1100 – 30 August 1181), born Orlando Bandinelli,[1] was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 171st Pope was Pope from 1159 to 1181.[2]

Early life[change | change source]

He was born in Siena. He was a member of the Bandinelli family.[3]

Cardinal[change | change source]

In 1150, Pope Eugene III made Bandinelli a Cardinal.[3]

Pope[change | change source]

Cardinal Bandinelli was elected pope on September 7, 1159; and he chose the name Alexander III.[3] His papacy was disputed by Antipope Victor IV,[4] Antipope Paschal III, Antipope Calixtus III and Antipope Innocent III.[5]

Pope Alexander was involved in Italian and European political disputes.[3]

Alexander's support for Thomas Becket, the Archbishop of Canterbury, did not resolve conflicts with the Henry II of England. After Becket was murdered, Alexander canonized him. [6]

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Emblem of the popes
  1. Also known as Rolando or Roland of Siena
  2. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-3.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Pope Alexander III", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-16.
  4. Cormenin, Louis-Marie de Lahaye. (1846). "Alexander the third ... Victor the fourth," The Public and Private History of the Popes of Rome, Vol. I, pp. 435-447.
  5. "Alexander III," Encyclopedia Britannica (1910), p. 553.
  6. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1833). "Alexander III," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 1, p. 304; Cormenin, pp. 440-441.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Alexander III at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Adrian IV
Succeeded by
Lucius III