Pope Celestine III

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Celestine III
Papacy began21 March 1191
Papacy ended8 January 1198
PredecessorPope Clement III
SuccessorPope Innocent III
Personal details
Birth nameGiacinto Bobone
Died(1198-01-08)January 8, 1198
Other popes named Celestine

Pope Celestine III (Latin: Coelestinus Tertius; 1106 – 8 January 1198), born Giacinto Bobone, was an Italian cleric of the Roman Catholic Church and the 176th Pope from 1191 until his death in 1198.[1]

Early life[change | change source]

He was born into the noble Orsini family in Rome.[2]

Cardinal[change | change source]

In 1145, he is raised to the rank of cardinal.[3]

Pope[change | change source]

Cardinal Bobone was elected pope on March 30, 1191; and he chose to be called Celestine III.[2]

Pope Celestine was involved in Italian and European political disputes.[2] He crowned the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI. He excommunicated Duke Leopold of Austria and King Alonso IX of Leon.[4]

After becoming pope, he was ordained a priest on April 13, 1191.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Emblem of the popes
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Pope Celestine III," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-3.
  3. Beckett, William. (1836). "Celestine III," A Universal Biography, Vol. 1, p. 720.
  4. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1836). "Celestine III," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 6, p. 400.

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Doran, John and Damian J. Smith. (2008). Pope Celestine III (1191-1198): Diplomat and Pastor. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 9780754656715; OCLC 421373762

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Caelestinus III at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Clement III
Succeeded by
Innocent III