Pope Leo X

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Leo X
Detail from Raphael's Portrait of Leo X
Papacy began9 March 1513
Papacy ended1 December 1521
PredecessorPope Julius II
SuccessorPope Adrian VI
Personal details
Birth nameGiovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici
Born(1475-12-11)11 December 1475
Died1 December 1521(1521-12-01) (aged 45)
Other popes named Leo

Pope Leo X (Latin: Leo Decimus; 11 December 1475 – 1 December 1521), born Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 218th Pope from 1513 to his death in 1521.[1]

Early life[change | change source]

Giovanni de Medici was born in Florence. He was the second son of Lorenzo the Magnificent.[2]

He studied theology and canon law at Pisa from 1489 to 1491.[2]

Priest[change | change source]

Six days after his election as pope in 1513, Medici was ordained as a priest.[2]

Bishop[change | change source]

Two days after his ordination and eight days after his election as pope in 1513, Medici was made a bishop.[2]

Cardinal[change | change source]

At the age of 13, Pope Innocent VIII named Medici cardinal in 1489.[3]

Pope[change | change source]

Cardinal Medici was elected pope on 9 March 1513. On the 15 March he was ordained priest, and he was consecrated as bishop on March 17. He was crowned Pope on 19 March at the age of 37.[2]

Pope Leo was involved in Italian and European political disputes.[2]

Leo was a patron of Michelangelo and Raphael.[3]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

The Coat of Arms of the Medici popes
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-8.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "Pope Leo XI", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-11-8.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1839). "Leo X", Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 13, pp. 426-428.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Leo X at Wikimedia Commons

  •  "Pope Leo X" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
  • "Leo X", Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911
  • Catholic Hierarchy, Pope Leo X
  • Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Medici Archived 2018-01-21 at the Wayback Machine
Preceded by
Julius II
Succeeded by
Adrian VI