Pope Callixtus III

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Callixtus III
Bishop of Rome
Papacy began8 April 1455
Papacy ended6 August 1458
PredecessorNicholas V
SuccessorPius II
Consecration31 August 1429
by Pierre de Foix
Created cardinal2 May 1444
by Eugene IV
Personal details
Birth nameAlfons de Borja
Born31 December 1378
Died6 August 1458(1458-08-06) (aged 79)
Rome, Papal States
ChildrenFrancisco de Borja
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Coat of armsCallixtus III's coat of arms
Other popes named Callixtus

Pope Callixtus III (Latin: Callistus Tertius; December 31, 1378–August 6, 1458),[1] born Alfonso de Borja, was an Spanish official of the Roman Catholic Church and the 210th Pope from April 8, 1455 until his death.[2]

Early life[change | change source]

Borja was born near Valencia on December 31, 1378.[3]

Bishop[change | change source]

Martin V named Borja bishop of Valencia in 1429.[3]

Cardinal[change | change source]

In 1444, Eugene IV made Borja or "Borgia"[4] a cardinal.[5]

Pope[change | change source]

After Nicholas V died, Cardinal Borgia was elected pope on April 8, 1455. He chose to be called Callixtus III.[6]

In 1456, Callixtus authorized a review of the trial of Joan of Arc; and she was found innocent.[7]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. The pope's name is also spelled "Callistus"
  2. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2012-6-22.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Pope Callistus III", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-6-22.
  4. The Italian spelling for the pope's name was "Borgia".
  5. Beckett, William. (1836). "Callixtus III," A Universal Biography, Vol. 1, p. 633.
  6. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1836). "Calixtus III," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 6, p. 162.
  7. "Joan of Arc", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-6-22.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Callistus III at Wikimedia Commons

  •  "Pope Callistus III" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
  • Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Borja, Alfonso de Archived 2017-09-25 at the Wayback Machine
Preceded by
Nicholas V
Succeeded by
Pius II