Pope Callixtus III

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Callixtus III
Papacy began April 8, 1455
Papacy ended August 6, 1458
Predecessor Pope Nicholas V
Successor Pope Pius II
Personal details
Birth name Alfonso Borja or Borgia
Born December 31, 1378
Valencia, Spain
Died August 6, 1458
Other Popes named Callixtus

Pope Callixtus III (Latin: Callistus Tertius; December 31, 1378–August 6, 1458),[1] born Alfonso de Borja, was an Spanish official of the Roman Catholic Church and the 210th Pope from April 8, 1455 until his death.[2]

Early life[change | change source]

Borja was born near Valencia on December 31, 1378.[3]

Bishop[change | change source]

Martin V named Borja bishop of Valencia in 1429.[3]

Cardinal[change | change source]

In 1444, Eugene IV made Borja or "Borgia"[4] a cardinal.[5]

Pope[change | change source]

After Nicholas V died, Cardinal Borgia was elected pope on April 8, 1455. He chose to be called Callixtus III.[6]

In 1456, Callixtus authorized a review of the trial of Joan of Arc; and she was found innocent.[7]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Coat of arms of Calixtus
  1. The pope's name is also spelled "Callistus"
  2. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2012-6-22.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Pope Callistus III", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-6-22.
  4. The Italian spelling for the pope's name was "Borgia".
  5. Beckett, William. (1836). "Callixtus III," A Universal Biography, Vol. 1, p. 633.
  6. Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1836). "Calixtus III," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 6, p. 162.
  7. "Joan of Arc", Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-6-22.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Callistus III at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Nicholas V
Succeeded by
Pius II