Pope Pius IX

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Blessed Pius IX
Papacy beganJune 16, 1846
Papacy ended7 February, 1878
PredecessorPope Gregory XVI
SuccessorPope Leo XIII
Personal details
Birth nameGiovanni Maria Mastai-Feretti
BornMay 31, 1792
Senigallia, Marche, Papal States
DiedFebruary 7, 1878(1878-02-07) (aged 85)
Apostolic Palace, Vatican City
MottoCrux de Cruce
Other Popes named Pius

Pope Pius IX (Latin: Pius PP. IX, Italian: Pio IX; May 13, 1792 – February 7, 1878), born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Feretti, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 256th Pope 1846 until his death.[1] Only Saint Peter himself led the church longer than the 32-year reign of Pius IX.

In 2000, he was beatified, which is a step in the process of naming a saint of the Catholic Church.[2]

Career[change | change source]

Mastai-Feretti was ordained as a priest in 1819.[3]

Bishop[change | change source]

Father Mastai-Feretti was named Bishop of Spoletto in 1827.[3] In 1877, the Golden Jubilee celebrations recalled the 50 years since he was named a bishop.[4]

Cardinal[change | change source]

In 1840, Pope Gregory XVI made Bishop Mastai-Feretti a cardinal.[3]

Pope[change | change source]

Cardinal Mastai-Feretti was elected Pope in 1846; and he took the name Pius IX.[3]

In 1846, Piux IX declared an amnesty for political prisoners.[2]

In 1848 he ordered that the gates to the Jewish ghetto in Rome be knocked down.[2]

Pius formally defined the dogma of the Immaculate Conception.[5]

Papal States[change | change source]

In 1849, Pius was deposed as the temporal ruler of the Papal States.[3] As a result of Italian nationalism and the Risorgimento, the pope spent his last years a virtual prisoner within the Vatican.[2]

First Vatican Council[change | change source]

In 1869-1870, Pope Pius brought together the church's bishops and cardinals in a meeting called the Vatican Council.[6] The council defined the dogma of papal infallibility.[7]

Pius died at age 85.[8]

After his death[change | change source]

The process of recognizing Pius IX as a saint began in 1907.[2]

The body of Pope Pius IX was exhumed in 1956.[9] This was part of a ceremony of "recognition".[5]

Preparations for beatification were almost finished in 1962;[10] and they were completed in 1984.[2]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

The Coat of Arms of Pius IX
  1. "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-02.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Stanley, Alessandra. "Italian Jews Denounce Vatican's Decision to Beatify Pius IX," New York Times. 28 June 2000; retrieved 2013-3-18.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "Pope Pius IX," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-10-28.
  4. "The Papal Golden Jubilee," New York Times. June 4, 1877; retrieved 2011-10-30.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Pius IX 'Recognized'; Step Toward the Beatification of 19th Century Pope Taken," New York Times. November 20, 1956; retrieved 2011-10-30.
  6. "Vatican Council," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-10-28.
  7. "Papal Infallibility; What Pius IX. Himself is Credited With Saying," New York Times. August 9, 1871; retrieved 2011-10-30.
  8. "Pius IX," New York Times. February 8, 1878; retrieved 2011-10-30.
  9. "Body of Pope Pius IX Exhumed in Ceremony," New York Times." October 26, 1956; retrieved 2011-10-30.
  10. "Pope Plans October Decree Of Beatification of Pius IX," New York Times. August 22, 1962; retrieved 2011-1101.

More reading[change | change source]

  • Kertazer, David I. (1997). The Kidnapping of Edgardo Mortara. New York: Knopf. ISBN 9780679450313; ISBN 9780679768173; OCLC 35829023

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Pius IX at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Gregory XVI
Pope
1846–1978
Succeeded by
Leo XIII