Chiang Kai-shek

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Chiang Kai-shek
Statue of Chiang Kai-shek in Beigan, Lienchiang 20121230.jpg
1st ~ 5th President of the Republic of China
In office
May 20, 1948 – April 5, 1975
Succeeded by Yen Chia-kan
Personal details
Born October 31, 1887
Fenghua, Zhejiang, China
Died April 5, 1975
Taipei, Taiwan
Nationality Republic of China
Political party Kuomintang
Spouse(s) Soong May-ling
Religion Methodist
Chiang Kai-shek
Names (details)
Known in English as: Chiang Kai-shek (蔣介石)
Pinyin: Jiǎng Jièshí
Wade–Giles: Chiang Chieh-shih
Cantonese: Jéung Gaaisek
Minnan: Chiúⁿ Kài-se̍k
Known in Taiwan as: 蔣中正
Hanyu Pinyin: Jiǎng Zhōngzhèng
Wade–Giles: Chiang Chung-cheng
Minnan: Chiúⁿ Tiong-chèng
Cantonese: Jéung Jūngjing
Family name: Jiang
Traditional Chinese:
Simplified Chinese:
Given names
Register name (譜名): Zhoutai (周泰)
Milk name (乳名): Ruiyuan (瑞元)
School name (學名): Zhiqing (志清),
later Zhongzheng (中正)
Courtesy name (字): Jieshi (介石)
Kai-shek (Gaaisek)
in Cantonese

Chiang Kai-shek was a Chinese nationalist politician and military leader who was President of the Republic of China, born in Xikou on October 31, 1887. His father was a merchant who died when Chiang was eight years old. Chiang became an officer in the army of the Manchu empire, but supported the Chinese Xinhai Revolution of 1911 that converted China into a republic.

He led the Republic of China from 1930 to 1949 on mainland China until he was overthrown by Mao Zedong[1] in the Chinese Civil War. He fled to Taiwan where he ruled from 1950 until his death in 1975, although his government was still officially called the Republic of China.

Military career[change | change source]

After his father died, Chiang joined the army. At first, he went to Baoding in northern China to study military science. Later, he went to Japan to learn more about the military.[2] On October 10, 1911, Chiang Kai-Shek came back to China.

In 1918, he joined the Nationalist Party of Sun Yat-sen. Sun Yat-sen helped Jiang Kai-Shek make a military academic school called Huangpu Military School. In 1926 and 1927 he led the Northern Expedition to conquer local warlords and unify China. After Sun Yat-sen died, he pushed out the Communists in 1927. In 1928, he made a new government in Nanjing, and became head of the state.[3] He focused on fighting the Communists and the Empire of Japan.[4]

Photo from Creative Commons by Unknows
Chiang Kai-shek(蔣中正)

References[change | change source]

  1. "Chiang Kai-shek - Facts & Summary -". Retrieved 2017-05-17. 
  2. "Chiang Kai-shek | Chinese statesman". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-05-19. 
  3. "Chiang Kai-shek - Facts & Summary -". Retrieved 2017-05-22. 
  4. "Chiang Kai-shek | Chinese statesman". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-05-30. 

Other websites[change | change source]