Kuomintang

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Kuomintang

Chinese: 中國國民黨; pinyin: Zhōngguó Guómíndǎng
AbbreviationKMT
ChairmanJohnny Chiang Chi-chen
Secretary-GeneralLee Chien-lung [zh]
Founded10 October 1919; 101 years ago (1919-10-10)
Preceded by
Headquarters232–234 Sec 2 Bade Rd, Zhongshan District, Taipei, ROC
10492[1]
Newspaper
Think tankNational Policy Foundation
Youth wingKuomintang Youth League
Education WingInstitute of Revolutionary Practice
Armed wingNational Revolutionary Army (1925–1947)
Taiwan Garrison Command (1958–1992)
Membership (2020)345,971[2]
Ideology
Political positionCentre-right[9][10][11]
to right-wing[12][13]
National affiliationPan-Blue Coalition
Regional affiliationAsia Pacific Democrat Union
International affiliation
Colours     Blue
Legislative Yuan
38 / 113
Municipal mayors
3 / 6
Magistrates/mayors
12 / 16
Councillors
394 / 912
Township/city mayors
83 / 204
Party flag
Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg
Website
www.kmt.org.tw
Kuomintang
KMT (Chinese characters).svg
"Kuomintang (Guómíndǎng)" in Traditional (top) and Simplified (bottom) Chinese characters
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese中國國民黨
Simplified Chinese中国国民党
Literal meaning"Nationals’ Party of China"
Abbreviated to
Traditional Chinese國民黨
Simplified Chinese国民党
Tibetan name
Tibetanཀྲུང་གོའི་གོ་མིན་ཏང
Zhuang name
ZhuangCunghgoz Gozminzdangj
Mongolian name
Mongolian CyrillicДундадын (Хятадын) Гоминдан (Хувьсгалт Нам)
Mongolian scriptᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ
(ᠬᠢᠲᠠᠳ ᠤᠨ)
ᠭᠣᠮᠢᠨᠳᠠᠩ
(ᠬᠤᠪᠢᠰᠬᠠᠯᠲᠤ ᠨᠠᠮ)
Uyghur name
Uyghurجۇڭگو گومىنداڭ
Manchu name
Manchu scriptᠵᡠᠩᡬᠣ ᡳ
ᡬᠣᠮᡳᠨᡩᠠᠩ
RomanizationJungg'o-i G'omindang
KMT main office in Taipei, Taiwan

Kuomintang (KMT; Chinese: 中國國民黨; English: Chinese Nationalist Party) is the main political party in Republic of China (Taiwan). It was ruling in Mainland China until 1949 when Communists captured the mainland and the KMT moved to Taiwan. It was founded by Song Jiaoren and Sun Yat-sen. Chiang Kai-shek later led for decades.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Kuomintang Official Website". Kuomintang. Archived from the original on 3 July 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
  2. "江啟臣壓倒性勝出 成最年輕國民黨主席 - 中央社CNA". Archived from the original on 7 March 2020. Retrieved 2020-03-07.
  3. "Archived copy" 政策綱領. Kmt.org.tw. Archived from the original on 13 May 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Three Principles of the People". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 26 October 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  5. Mary C. Wright (1955). From Revolution to Restoration: The Transformation of Kuomintang Ideology. Association for Asian Studies. pp. 515–532.
  6. "Taiwan's 'born independent' millennials are becoming Xi Jinping's lost generation". The Washington Post. 26 December 2019. Archived from the original on 27 March 2020. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  7. Jonathan Fenby (2005). Chiang Kai Shek: China's Generalissimo and the Nation He Lost. Carroll & Graf Publishers. p. 504. ISBN 978-0-7867-1484-1. Archived from the original on 5 February 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
  8. Hans Kohn, Nationalism: Its Meaning and History (1955) p. 87.
  9. "New face for KMT in Taiwan". The Australian. The problems for the centre-right KMT in retaining the presidency over the centre-left DPP…
  10. Qi, Dongtao (11 November 2013). "Globalization, Social Justice Issues, Political and Economic Nationalism in Taiwan: An Explanation of the Limited Resurgence of the DPP during 2008–2012". The China Quarterly. 216: 1018–1044. doi:10.1017/S0305741013001124. Furthermore, the studies also suggest that the DPP, as a centre-left party opposed to the centre-right KMT, has been the leading force in addressing Taiwan's various social justice issues.
  11. Shim, Jaemin (2018). "Mind the Gap! Comparing Gender Politics in Japan and Taiwan". GIGA Focus|Asia. German Institute of Global and Area Studies (5). Archived from the original on 26 December 2019. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
  12. Rigger, Shelley (2016). "Kuomintang Agonistes: Party Politics in the Wake of Taiwan's 2016 Elections". Orbis. 60 (4): 408--503. doi:10.1016/j.orbis.2016.08.005. Retrieved May 27, 2020. Instead of reshaping its priorities to fit the expectations of a changing society, the KMT (at least for the moment) seems to be doubling down on its self-marginalizing approach. The new party chair is Hung Hsiu-chu, the erstwhile presidential candidate whose far-right views made it necessary to replace her.
  13. "Taiwan Lawmakers Push `Marriage Equality` Bill". Inter Press Service. 30 October 2013. Archived from the original on 12 April 2020. Retrieved 12 April 2020. The current push follows two previous efforts by DPP lawmakers in 2003 and 2006 to introduce same-sex marriage bills that were blocked from the legislative agenda by the right-wing Chinese Nationalist Party (Kuomintang or KMT) majority.