Volgograd

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Volgograd (English)
Волгоград (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Volgograd Montage 2016.png
Anti-Clockwise: the Motherland Statue, the railway station, Planetarium, The Metrotram, Panorama of the City, Gerhardt Mill, Mamayev Kurgan
Missing map.svg
Coat of arms of Volgograd city.svg
Flag of Volgograd.svg
Coat of arms
Flag
Anthem none[2]
City Day Second Sunday of September[1]
Administrative status (as of February 2010)
Country Russia
Federal subject Volgograd Oblast
Administratively subordinated to city of oblast significance of Volgograd
Municipal status (as of March 2010)
Urban okrug Volgograd Urban Okrug
Administrative center of Volgograd Urban Okrug
Head[4] Alexander Chunakov[3]
Representative body City Duma[4]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
1,021,215 inhabitants[5]
Rank in 2010 12th
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)
Founded 1589[6]
City status since the end of the
18th century[1]
Previous names Tsaritsyn (until 1925),[6]
Stalingrad (until 1961)[6]
Postal code(s) 400000–400002, 400005–400012, 400015–400017, 400019–400023, 400026, 400029, 400031–400034, 400036, 400038–400040, 400042, 400046, 400048–400055, 400057–400059, 400062–400067, 400069, 400071–400076, 400078–400082, 400084, 400086–400089, 400093, 400094, 400096–400098, 400105, 400107, 400108, 400110–400112, 400117, 400119–400125, 400127, 400131, 400136–400138, 400700, 400880, 400890, 400899, 400921–400942, 400960–400965, 400967, 400970–400979, 400990–400993
Dialing code(s) +7 8442
Official website

Volgograd formerly called Tsaritsyn (1589–1925) and Stalingrad (1925–1961) is an important industrial city and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. It is 80 km long, north to south, on the western bank of the Volga River and has a population of 1.011 millon people. The city was made famous for its heroic resistance and extensive damage during the Battle of Stalingrad during World War II.

History[change | change source]

Coat of Arms of Tsaritsyn(1857)

Volgograd developed from 1589 when the fortress of Tsaritsyn was founded at the confluence of the Tsaritsa and Volga Rivers. During the Russian Civil War the city was the scene of heavy fighting. Bolshevik forces occupied it during 1918, but were attacked by White forces.

Under Stalin, the city became heavily industrialized as a centre of heavy industry and trans-shipment by rail and river. During World War II, Stalingrad became the center of the Battle of Stalingrad as well as a turning point in the war against Germany. Essentially, the German offensive was checked at Stalingrad. The Battle of Stalingrad lasted from August 21, 1942 to February 2, 1943, where 1.7 million to 2 million Axis and Soviet soldiers were killed, wounded or captured, in addition to over 40,000 civilians killed. The city was reduced to rubble during the fierce fighting, but reconstruction began soon after the Germans were expelled from the city.

Nikita Khrushchev renamed the city in 1961.

International relations[change | change source]

Twin towns — Sister cities[change | change source]

As of 2008, Volgograd has 21 sister cities:[7]

A number of communities in France and Italy have streets or avenues named after Stalingrad, hence Place de Stalingrad in Paris and the Paris Métro station of Stalingrad.

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Charter of Volgograd, Preamble
  2. Official website of Volgograd. Конкурс на создание гимна Волгограда будет проведен повторно (Russian)
  3. Official website of Volgograd. Alexander Ivanovich Chunakov, Head of the Administration of Volgograd
  4. 4.0 4.1 Charter of Volgograd, Article 22
  5. "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1[[Category:Articles containing Russian-language text]]" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |trans_title= (help); Check date values in: |access-date= (help); URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. pp. 81–83. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  7. Friendly relationship at Official website of Volgograd
  8. "広島市の姉妹・友好都市". City.hiroshima.jp. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  9. "Ruse Municipality - Fraternize Cities". © 2008-2009. Retrieved 2009-07-06. 
  10. Executive power of Baku city

Other websites[change | change source]