This article is about a World Heritage Site

Hiroshima

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Hiroshima
広島市
City
Atomic Bomb Dome (left) and modern buildings
Atomic Bomb Dome (left) and modern buildings
Location of Hiroshima in Hiroshima
Location of Hiroshima in Hiroshima
Hiroshima is located in Japan
Hiroshima
 
Coordinates: 34°23′N 132°27′E / 34.383°N 132.45°E / 34.383; 132.45Coordinates: 34°23′N 132°27′E / 34.383°N 132.45°E / 34.383; 132.45
Country Japan
Region Chūgoku, Sanyō
Prefecture Hiroshima
Government
 • Mayor Tadatoshi Akiba (Social Democratic Party (Japan))
Area
 • Total 905.01 km2 (349.43 sq mi)
Population (January 2007)
 • Total 1,159,391
 • Density 1,281.1/km2 (3,318/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Camphor Laurel
- Flower Oleander
Phone number 082-245-2111
Address Hiroshima-shi,
Naka-ku, Kokutaiji 1-6-34
730-8586
Website Hiroshima City

Hiroshima (広島) is the capital city of Hiroshima Prefecture.[1] It is the largest city in the Chugoku region of western Japan. About a million people live in Hiroshima.

History[change | change source]

In the late Sengoku period and Edo period, Hiroshima was the capital of local daimyos. A big and beautiful castle, Hiroshima-jo was built. Its nickname is Rijo, meaning Castle of the Carp.

Atomic bombing[change | change source]

Atomic Bomb Dome

At the time of the attack, Hiroshima was the headquarters of the 2nd General Army and 5th Division, containing 40,000 Japanese soldiers within the city's limit, and was a beehive of war industry, which manufactured parts for planes and boats, bombs, rifles, and handguns, where children were shown how to construct and hurl gasoline bombs and the wheelchair-bound and bedridden were assembling booby traps to be planted in the beaches of Kyushu.[2] As with other Japanese cities, many of the strategic targets in Hiroshima were mixed with wooden and paper civilian homes and centers, which made it harder to conduct a successful precision attack, owning to the highly inaccuracy of the bombing technology in World War II. As a result, the city became the first nuclear weapon used against a target in history.[3]

The bomb exploded over Hiroshima at 8:16 on the morning of August 6, 1945. Much of the city was destroyed. An estimated 70,000 persons, of whom 20,000 were Japanese soldiers and 20,000 were Korean slave laborers, were killed, and another 70,000 were injured.[4] The bomb was nicknamed Little Boy after President Theodore Roosevelt.[3] A building near the blast center still remains and is called the Atomic Bomb Dome.

Itsukushima shrine[change | change source]

Near to Hiroshima, there is a small island called Miyajima. The island is known for its deer. An old Shinto shrine named Itsukushima Shrine is also here. It is said that Itsukushima shrine was built at the end of the 5th century. The shrine is known for its use of red-colored wood, and especially for the torii gate that leads into the shrine, which is partly underwater at high tide. Today Itsukushima shrine and the Atomic Bomb Dome are registered as World Heritage sites. Also it was a landing site for the U.S.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]