Novorossiysk

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Novorossiysk
Новороссийск
Clockwise from the top: Novorossiysk TV Tower, Freedom Square, City Harbor, Shore Promenade, Turkish War Monument
Clockwise from the top: Novorossiysk TV Tower, Freedom Square, City Harbor, Shore Promenade, Turkish War Monument
Flag of Novorossiysk
Coat of arms of Novorossiysk
Location of Novorossiysk
Novorossiysk is located in Krasnodar Krai
Novorossiysk
Novorossiysk
Location of Novorossiysk
Novorossiysk is located in European Russia
Novorossiysk
Novorossiysk
Novorossiysk (European Russia)
Novorossiysk is located in Europe
Novorossiysk
Novorossiysk
Novorossiysk (Europe)
Coordinates: 44°43′N 37°45′E / 44.717°N 37.750°E / 44.717; 37.750Coordinates: 44°43′N 37°45′E / 44.717°N 37.750°E / 44.717; 37.750
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKrasnodar Krai[1]
Founded1838
Government
 • MayorAndrey Kravchenko[2]
Area
 • Total81.1 km2 (31.3 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 • Total241,952
 • Estimate 
(2018)[5]
273,278 (+12.9%)
 • Rank76th in 2010
 • Density3,000/km2 (7,700/sq mi)
 • Subordinated toCity of Novorossiysk[1]
 • Capital ofCity of Novorossiysk[1]
 • Urban okrugNovorossiysk Urban Okrug[6]
 • Capital ofNovorossiysk Urban Okrug[6]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
353900–353903, 353905–353907, 353909–353913, 353915–353925, 353960, 353999
Dialing code(s)+7 8617
OKTMO ID03720000001
City DaySeptember 12
Twin townsValparaíso, Constanța, Gainesville, Plymouth, Livorno, Gijón, Pula, Brest, Varna, Samsun, Tyre, Huangdao District, Kazashko, Heilbronn, Gavar, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous OkrugEdit this on Wikidata
Websiteadmnvrsk.ru

Novorossiysk (Russian: Новоросси́йск, IPA: [nəvərɐˈsʲijsk]; Adyghe: ЦIэмэз, romanized: Chəməz) is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. It is one of the largest ports on the Black Sea.[9][10] It is one of the few cities honored with the title of the Hero City. Population: 340,792 (2021 Census),[11] 241,952 (2010 Census);[4] 232,079 (2002 Census);[12] 185,938 (1989 Census).[13]

History[change | change source]

Overview of Novorossiysk, August 2010

In ancient history, the shores of the Tsemes Bay were the site of Bata (Greek: Μπάτα). Bata was an ancient Greek colony that was important in the grain trade. It is mentioned in the works of Strabo[14] and Ptolemy, among others.

Novorossiysk went to Russia in 1829 because of the Russo-Turkish War. It became a major base for the Black Sea Fleet.

During the 19th century, Novorossiysk developed quickly. It was given city status in 1866. It became the capital of the Novorossiysky Okrug and Black Sea Governorate. In December 1905, the city was the capital of the short-lived Novorossiysk Republic. The city was used as the main center of Denikin's White Army from 26 August 1918 until 27 March 1920 during the Russian Civil War. Denikin's South Russian Government was moved to Crimea. Many Whites escaped from Novorossiysk to Constantinople during the Evacuation of Novorossiysk (1920), with the help of Allied warships.

Twin towns and sister cities[change | change source]

Novorossiysk is twinned with:[15]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03
  2. "Мэром Новороссийска стал Андрей Кравченко". expertsouth.ru. 2021-12-24. Archived from the original on 2022-05-29. Retrieved 2022-10-10.
  3. "Генеральный план городского округа муниципального образования город Новороссийск Краснодарского края. Схема административно-территориальных границ".
  4. 4.0 4.1 Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  5. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Law #686-KZ
  7. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  8. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. "Рейтинг крупнейших портов Черного моря | газета Новый Севастополь". Archived from the original on October 20, 2012.
  10. "Expert.ru - Крупнейшие порты России". Archived from the original on July 27, 2012.
  11. "Оценка численности постоянного населения по субъектам Российской Федерации". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  12. Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  13. Demoscope Weekly (1989). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  14. 11.2.14 http://data.perseus.org/citations/urn:cts:greekLit:tlg0099.tlg001.perseus-grc1:11.2.14
  15. Международные Связи - Администрация муниципального образования город-герой Новороссийск (in Russian). Archived from the original on December 23, 2011. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
  16. "Plymouth - Town Twinning". Plymouth City Council. Archived from the original on May 2, 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-14.
  17. "Međunarodna suradnja Grada Pule". Grad Pula (in Croatian and Italian). Archived from the original on May 5, 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2013.

Other websites[change | change source]