From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Livorno is a port city on the Ligurian Sea on the western coast of Tuscany, Italy.

Location of Livorno in Italy
coat of arms

History[change | change source]

Today, Livorno is known for the fortified town walls and for the small streets. Many foreigners moved to Livorno such as Jews, Armenians, Greeks, Dutch, and English. Some Moriscos (Muslim Spaniards forced to turn Catholic), much later, also moved to Livorno (from Spain and during the 18th century).

Main monuments[change | change source]

Piazza Grande in the 18th century: at left, the Palazzo del Governatore, at right the Dogana

Bridges, houses and streets, mostly from the neo-classical era are in the district of Livorno.

Examples[change | change source]

The "Monumento dei quattro mori" ("Monument of the Four Turks"), dedicated to Grand Duke Ferdinando I de' Medici of Tuscany, is one of the most important monuments of Livorno.

Fortifications of Livorno in the 17th century

Another important monument is the old fortress which has 3 bastions called “Capitana”, “Ampolletta” and “Canaviglia”. It was made before the Renaissance.

Culture[change | change source]

Politically, Livorno is one of the most left-leaning cities of Italy. The Communist Party of Italy was founded in Livorno on 21 January 1921.

Economy[change | change source]

Tuaca liqueur is produced in Livorno. The city also has a petrochemical industry.

Sport[change | change source]

Livorno has a football team in Serie A, A.S. Livorno Calcio.

Languages[change | change source]

Livorno inhabitants speak a Tuscan dialect of Italian, called vernacolo.

Climate[change | change source]

Livorno has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa in the Koeppen climate classification).

Sister cities[change | change source]

Important people from Livorno[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]