Orson Scott Card
|Born||August 4, 1951|
|Pen name||Byron Walley|
|Occupation||Novelist, English Professor|
|Genre||Science fiction, Fantasy, Horror, LDS fiction|
|Notable works||Ender's Game series|
Orson Scott Card (born August 24, 1951) is a popular American writer, a critic, political writer, and speaker. He is best known for his science fiction books. His novel Ender's Game and its sequel Speaker for the Dead both won the Hugo Award and the Nebula Award, making Card the only writer (as of 2007) to win both of science fiction's top prizes two years in a row.
Card is an English professor at Southern Virginia University. He has written two books on creative writing. Card teaches other people about writing. He is also a judge in the Writers of the Future competition. Card’s great-great-grandfather is Brigham Young, who was a leader for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Card is also a member of the LDS Church. Today he still writes many fiction works. He has also produced writing about church, politics, and society in his columns and books.
Early Life[change | change source]
Card is the son of Willard Richards Card and Peggy Jane (maiden name Park). He is the third of six children. Song-writer Arlen Card is his younger brother. Card was born in Richland, Washington. He grew up in Santa Clara, California, Mesa, Arizona, and Orem, Utah. He went on a mission for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in Brazil. Card graduated from Brigham Young University (BYU) and the University of Utah. He also spent a year in a Ph.D program at the University of Notre Dame.
Fiction[change | change source]
Card started his writing career as a poet. He studied with Clinton F. Larson at a school in Utah, BYU. Card studied about the theater. He started turning books into plays, then started writing his own full-length plays. Many of his plays were produced by theater directors at BYU. He also started writing fiction. The fiction stories he wrote in college later became The Worthing Saga.
At BYU, Card started a theater company. His theater company produced plays at "the Castle," an outdoor stage in Provo. His company's plays were the first plays ever produced at the Castle. Card also got a part-time job as a proofreader at BYU Press. Later, he got a full-time job copy editing. In 1976, Card got a full-time job as an assistant editor at the Ensign, a church magazine. He moved to Salt Lake City. While he was there, Card published his first piece of fiction, a short story called "Gert Fram." The story was printed in the July 1977 fine arts magazine under the pen name Byron Walley.
Science Fiction[change | change source]
Card wrote a short story called "Ender's Game" while working at the BYU press. He sent it to several publications. The story was about a school where boys can fight in space. He later turned the short story into a novel, also called Ender's Game.
Ender's Game and the second book in the same series Speaker for the Dead were each given the Hugo Award and the Nebula Award. This made Card the only author (as of 2015[update]) to win both of science fiction's top awards two years in a row. The series also includes the books Xenocide, Children of the Mind, Ender's Shadow, Shadow of the Hegemon, Shadow Puppets, "First Meetings in the Enderverse", Shadow of the Giant, Shadows in Flight, A War of Gifts, and Ender in Exile. Ender in Exile takes place in between Ender's Game and Speaker for the Dead. Card has said he plans to write a book called Shadows Alive to link the Shadow series and the Speaker series together. He has also written a three book series which takes place before Ender's Game. The three books are called Earth Unaware, Earth Afire, and Earth Awakens. This trilogy tells the history of the character Mazer Rackham among other things. In 2013 the novel Ender's Game was made into a movie. Asa Butterfield played the character Ender and Gavin Hood directed the movie.
Other Genres[change | change source]
Card has branched out into other areas of fiction with books such as Lost Boys, Treasure Box and Enchantment. He wrote a novel about the James Cameron film The Abyss and the comic book Ultimate Iron Man for a Marvel Universe series. Card wrote the narration in three video games: Loom, The Secret of Monkey Island and The Dig in the early 1990s.
In 1983, Card published the novel Saints. “Saints” is a fiction book about one of Card’s ancestors. His ancestor joined the LDS Church in its early days. Card writes about his ancestor’s life up until Utah became a state.
In 2005, Card made a magazine called Orson Scott Card's InterGalactic Medicine Show. He edited the first two magazines, but he was too busy to keep up with it. Edmund R. Schubert was one of Card’s former students. Schubert took over the magazine and became the editor in 2006. Card also wrote the dialog and screenplay for the Xbox video game Advent Rising'’.
Awards[change | change source]
- 1978; John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer; from the World Science Fiction Convention
- 1981; Songmaster; Hamilton-Brackett Memorial Award 81
- 1984; Saints; named Book of the Year by Association for Mormon Letters
- 1985; Ender's Game; Nebula Award 85, Hugo Award 86, Hamilton-Brackett Award 86, SF Chronicle Readers Poll Award 86
- 1987; Speaker for the Dead; Nebula Award 86, Hugo Award 87, Locus Award 87, SF Chronicle Readers Poll Award 87
- 1987; "Eye for Eye"; Hugo award 88; "Japanese Hugo" 89
- 1987; "Hatrack River"; Nebula finalist 86, Hugo finalist 87, World Fantasy Award winner 87
- 1988; Seventh Son, Hugo finalist 88, World Fantasy finalist 88, Mythopoeic Society Award 88, Locus Award (best fantasy novel) 88
- 1989; Hugo & Nebula Finalist; Red Prophet
- 1991; Hugo Award; How to Write Science Fiction and Fantasy (Writer's Digest Books, 90)
- 1995; Locus Award for Best Fantasy Novel; for Alvin Journeyman
- 2008; YALSA Margaret A. Edwards Award for Lifetime Contribution to Young Adult Literature; for Ender's Game and Ender's Shadow
References[change | change source]
- "Orson Scott Card". The Internet Movie Database (IMDb). Retrieved 2006-10-18.
- "The Hugo Awards, 1986". Archived from the original on 2011-01-23. Retrieved 2009-05-24.
- "1985 Nebula Winners". Archived from the original on 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2009-05-24.
- "Ender's Game The Book". Fresco Pictures. Archived from the original on 2007-12-30. Retrieved 2008-01-17.
- "Who Is Orson Scott Card?". Hatrack River Enterprises Inc. Retrieved 2006-10-18.
- Willett, Edward (2006). Orson Scott Card: Architect of Alternate Worlds. New Jersey: Enslow Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0-7660-2354-0.
- Edith S. Tyson (1 January 2003). Orson Scott Card: Writer of the Terrible Choice. Scarecrow Press. p. xiv. ISBN 9780810847903.
- Ensign reference to Card as Associate Editor
- "Interview with Author Orson Scott Card". Gaming Today. Archived from the original on 2007-06-20. Retrieved 2007-06-18.
- "Orson Scott Card's Intergalactic Medicine Show". Retrieved 2006-10-18.
- Card's comments on working on Advent Rising from his official website