Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho
December 15, 1907
|Died||December 5, 2012 (aged 104)|
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho (December 15, 1907 – December 5, 2012) was a Brazilian architect who is thought to be an important name in worldwide modern architecture. He was a pioneer in the idea of using reinforced concrete for buildings.
Buildings made by Niemeyer often have a lot of empty space, making odd patterns. The biggest work he made was the plan for the city of Brasília.
Politically, Niemeyer was a communist, which sometimes had a bad effect for him: When the military dictatorship of Brazil happened in 1964, Niemeyer was forced into exile in Paris. Fidel Castro once said "Niemeyer and I are the last Communists of this planet."
References[change | change source]
- "Brazil's 102-year-old architect spends 'crap' birthday". Retrieved 2009-12-15.[permanent dead link]
- "Dies on Rio the Archited Oscar Niemeyer". Retrieved 2012-12-05.
- "Oscar Niemeyer, Designer of UN Building, Dies at 104". Bloomberg.com. 5 December 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- Telegraph obituary
- Pritzker Architecture Prize, "Oscar Niemeyer, 1988 Laureate"[permanent dead link]; retrieved 2013-3-27.
- Express obituary[permanent dead link]
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oscar Niemeyer.|
- May 2006 Interview with Niemeyer, age 98, in Metropolis Magazine Archived 2006-08-21 at the Wayback Machine
- Oscar Niemeyer, A Legend of Modernism Archived 2004-12-08 at the Wayback Machine, a book
- Niemeyer in Brasília history Archived 2007-12-19 at the Wayback Machine
- Images of The Museum of Contemporary Art, Niteroi, Cathedral of Brasília, and Memorial dos Povos Indigenas (Memorial for the Indigenous People)