Oscar Niemeyer in 1977
|Born||December 15, 1907|
|Died||December 5, 2012 (aged 104)|
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho (December 15, 1907 – December 5, 2012) was a Brazilian architect who is thought to be an important name in worldwide modern architecture. He was a pioneer in the idea of using reinforced concrete for buildings.
Buildings made by Niemeyer often have a lot of empty space, making odd patterns. The biggest work he made was the plan for the city of Brasília.
Politically, Niemeyer was a communist, which sometimes had a bad effect for him: When the military dictatorship of Brazil happened in 1964, Niemeyer was forced into exile in Paris. Fidel Castro once said "Niemeyer and I are the last Communists of this planet."
References[change | change source]
- "Brazil's 102-year-old architect spends 'crap' birthday". Retrieved 2009-12-15.
- "Dies on Rio the Archited Oscar Niemeyer". Retrieved 2012-12-05.
- "Oscar Niemeyer, Designer of UN Building, Dies at 104". Bloomberg.com. 5 December 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- Telegraph obituary
- Pritzker Architecture Prize, "Oscar Niemeyer, 1988 Laureate"; retrieved 2013-3-27.
- Express obituary
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oscar Niemeyer.|
- May 2006 Interview with Niemeyer, age 98, in Metropolis Magazine
- Oscar Niemeyer, A Legend of Modernism, a book
- Niemeyer in Brasília history
- Images of The Museum of Contemporary Art, Niteroi, Cathedral of Brasília, and Memorial dos Povos Indigenas (Memorial for the Indigenous People)