Temporal range: Eocene to Oligocene
|Palaeotherium curtum skull|
Palaeotheres are an extinct group of herbivorous mammals related to tapirs and rhinoceros, and probably ancestral to horses. They ranged across Europe and Asia during the Eocene and Oligocene 55–28 million years ago (mya). .
They were small to medium-sized, and lived in dense forests. They ate soft leaves, shoots, berries, and leaf matter picked up from the forest floor.