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European plaice, Pleuronectes platessa

The Pleuronectidae are a family of flatfish that are widely known as righteye flounders. The reason why they're called like that is because most species lie on the seabed on their left sides, with both eyes on their right sides. Only a few species can also have their eyes on the left side. Females lay eggs that float in mid-water until the larvae develop, and they sink to the bottom.

They are found on the bottoms of oceans around the world. The name of the family is derived from the Greek πλευρά (pleura), meaning "rib" or "side", and νηκτόν (nekton), meaning "swimming".

References[change | change source]

  1. Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). "Pleuronectidae" in FishBase. October 2012 version.
  2. Eschmeyer W.N.; Herald, E.S.; and Hammann, H. (1983). A Field Guide to Pacific Coast Fishes. Peterson Field Guides. ISBN 978-0618002122
Taxon identifiers
  • Wikidata: Q647087
  • Wikispecies: Pleuronectidae
  • ADW: Pleuronectidae
  • AFD: Pleuronectidae
  • BioLib: 16145
  • BOLD: 1126
  • CoL: 62649
  • EoL: 5173
  • Fauna Europaea: 12086
  • Fauna Europaea (new): 7daae0c2-5687-43d0-9fc1-fd8309f77721
  • Fossilworks: 266151
  • GBIF: 8611
  • iNaturalist: 47525
  • IRMNG: 114732
  • ITIS: 172859
  • NBN: NBNSYS0000160746
  • NCBI: 8256
  • NZOR: 551c0b2f-e30e-4373-84dc-75642e7bc6c8
  • WoRMS: 125579

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