President of South Korea

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
President of the Republic of Korea
대한민국 대통령
Seal of the President of the Republic of Korea.svg
Seal of the President of the Republic of Korea
Flag of the President of South Korea.svg
The Presidential Standard
Moon Jae-in presidential portrait.jpg
Incumbent
Moon Jae-in

since 10 May 2017
Executive branch of the government of the Republic of Korea
Office of the President
StyleMr. President (대통령님)
Status
AbbreviationPOTROK, POSK
Member of
ResidenceBlue House
SeatSeoul, South Korea
NominatorPolitical parties
AppointerDirect popular vote
Term lengthFive years;
Not renewable
Constituting instrumentConstitution of the Republic of Korea
PrecursorPresident of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea
Inaugural holderSyngman Rhee
Formation24 July 1948
DeputyPrime Minister of South Korea
Salary240,648,000 annually (2021)[1]
Website(in English) english.president.go.kr
(in Korean) president.go.kr

The President of the Republic of Korea (Hangul: 대한민국 대통령; Hanja: 大韓民國 大統領; RR: Daehan Minguk Daetongryeong) is the head of state, leader of the executive of the South Korean government and the commander in chief of the South Korean Armed Forces

The president is directly elected by the people to a five-year term, with no possibility of re-election.[2] While in office, the chief executive lives in Cheong Wa Dae (the "Blue House").

Moon Jae-in, former human rights lawyer and chief of staff to then-President Roh Moo-hyun,[3] became President of South Korea on 10 May 2017.[4]

If the National Assembly votes against a presidential decision, it will be declared void immediately.

Powers and duties of the president[change | change source]

The president is required to:

List of presidents[change | change source]

Moon Jae-inPark Geun-hyeLee Myung-bakRoh Moo-hyunKim Dae-jungKim Young-samRoh Tae-wooChun Doo-hwanChoi Kyu-hahPark Chung-heeYun PosunSyngman Rhee


Living former presidents[change | change source]

As of November 2021, two former presidents are alive:

Image Name Term of office Age
Lee Myung-bak presidential portrait.jpg Lee Myung-bak 2008–2013 79 years, 339 days
Park Geun-hye presidential portrait.png Park Geun-hye 2013–2017 69 years, 294 days

The longest-lived President was Yun Bo-seon, who died on July 18, 1990 (at the age of 92 years, 326 days).

The most recent President to die was Chun Doo-hwan, who died on November 23, 2021.

References[change | change source]

  1. Executive Order: 공무원보수규정(제31380호)(20210105) / (별표 32) 고정급적 연봉제 적용대상 공무원의 연봉표(제35조 관련) (in Korean)
  2. Article 70 of the Constitution of the Republic of Korea.
  3. McCurry, Justin (2017-05-09). "Who is Moon Jae-in, South Korea's new president?". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-05-10.
  4. Sang-hun, Choe (2017-05-09). "South Korea Elects Moon Jae-in, Who Backs Talks With North, as President". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-05-10.

Other websites[change | change source]