Prince Henri, Duke of Aumale

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Henri d'Orléans
Duke of Aumale
Prince Henri, Duke of Aumale.jpg
Born(1822-01-16)16 January 1822
Palais Royal, Paris
Died7 May 1897(1897-05-07) (aged 75)
Zucco, Sicily
Royal Chapel, Dreux, France
SpouseCarolina Augusta of the Two Sicilies
IssueLouis, Prince of Condé
François Louis, Duke of Guise
Full name
Henri Eugène Philippe Louis d'Orléans
FatherLouis Philippe I
MotherMaria Amalia of Naples and Sicily
SignatureHenri d'Orléans's signature

Prince Henri of Orléans, Duke of Aumale (Henri Eugène Philippe Louis; 16 January 1822 – 7 May 1897) was a leader of the Orleanists, a political faction in 19th century France associated with constitutional monarchy. He was born in Paris, the fifth son of King Louis Philippe I. He used the title Duke of Aumale. He retired from public life in 1883. He was also a member of the Académie française.

Inheritance[change | change source]

At age of 8, he inherited a fortune of 66 million livres (approximately £200 million today).[1] At the age of seventeen he entered the army with the rank of a captain of infantry.

Marriage and children[change | change source]

On November 25, 1844, he married Princess Carolina Augusta of the Two Sicilies, daughter of the Leopold of the Two Sicilies, "Prince of Salerno" and his wife Maria Clementina of Austria,[2] in Naples. The couple had several children, two of whom reached adulthood.

  1. Louis Philippe Marie Léopold d'Orléans, Prince of Condé (15 November 1845 – 24 May 1866) died unmarried and childless.
  2. Henri Léopold Philippe Marie d'Orléans, Duke of Guise (11 September 1847 – 10 October 1847) died in infancy.
  3. François Paul d'Orléans, Duke of Guise (11 January 1852 – 15 April 1852) died in infancy.
  4. François Louis Philippe Marie d'Orléans, Duke of Guise (5 January 1854 – 25 July 1872) died unmarried.
  5. Stillborn son (15 June 1861).

Later life and death[change | change source]

By his will of the June 3, 1884, Henri bequeathed his Chantilly estate to the Institute of France. This included the Château de Chantilly, with all the art he had collected there. The chateau became a museum. This generosity led the government to withdraw the decree of exile and the duke returned to France in 1889. He died in Lo Zucco, Sicily. He was buried in Dreux, in the chapel of the House of Orléans.

Titles[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. The lands and wealth of his godfather, Louis Henri de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, the last Prince of Condé.
  2. An Archduchess of Austria and a second cousin of Marie Antoinette

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Prince Henri of Orléans, Duke of Aumale at Wikimedia Commons