Bust of Scipio Africanus the Elder from Pushkin Museum, Moscow.
|Consul of the Roman Republic|
205–202 BC, – [?] BC
|Preceded by||Quintus Caecilius Metellus and Lucius Veturius Philo|
|Succeeded by||Marcus Cornelius Cethegus and Publius Sempronius Tuditanus|
Rome, Roman Republic
|Died||183 BC (aged 53)|
|Children||Publius Cornelius Scipio, Lucius Cornelius Scipio, Cornelia, Cornelia Scipionis Africana|
|Nickname(s)||The Roman Hannibal|
|Battles/wars||Second Punic War|
Battle of Ticinus
Battle of the Trebia
Battle of Cannae
Battle of Cartagena
Battle of Baecula
Battle of Ilipa
Battle of Utica
Battle of the Great Plains
Battle of Zama
Battle of Magnesia
Scipio won the battle of Zama in North Africa. He got the last name Africanus and became known as one of the best commanders in military history. The battle was a complete disaster for Carthage, who had to beg for peace, and were given humiliating terms by Rome.
References[change | change source]
- He was also known as Scipio the African, Scipio Africanus-Major, Scipio Africanus the Elder, and Scipio the Great. Plutarch, The parallel lives: the life of Aemilius II.V.