Republican Guard (Syria)

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Syrian Republican Guard
الْحَرَسُ الْجُمْهُورِيُّ
Syrian Republican Guard Insignia
Country Syria
AllegiancePresident of Syria
BranchSyrian Arab Army
TypeShock Troops
Garrison/HQMount Qasioun, Damascus
EngagementsSyrian Civil War
Brig. Gen. Mohamed Qasem
Issam Zahreddine 

The Syrian Republican Guard, also known as the Presidential guard is a Mechanized Corps of about 25,000-60,000 men.[1] The Republican Guard is tasked with protecting the radio, and defend the capital Damascus, and defending Syrian Officials.

History[change | change source]

The guard was formed in 1976 after Palestinian militants attacked top Syrian officials, Major General Adan Makhoulf led the guard until 1997.[2]

Structure[change | change source]

The guard has multiple divisions, these include[3]:[4][5][6]

  • 101st Security Regiment
  • 102nd Security Regiment
  • 104th Airborne Brigade
  • 105th Mechanized Brigade
  • 106th Mechanized Brigade
  • 83rd Battalion
  • 30th Division
    • 124th Brigade
    • 123rd Brigade
    • 18th Mechanized Brigade
    • 147th Regiment
    • 47th Regiment
    • 83rd Battalion
  • Lionesses of Defense Armored Battalion
  • Popular Security and Support Forces
  • 102nd Commando Regiment
  • 117th Brigade
  • 103rd Commando Brigade
    • Syrian Marines
  • 800th Regiment
  • 416th Regiment

References[change | change source]

  1. "Who is fighting in Syria How many people and weapons are on both lines of the Syrian confrontation". Gazeta. Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  2. "Human Rights in Syria".
  3. "Troublesome allies: How the Syrian regime is reintegrating loyalist militias". Haid. The Middle East eye. Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  4. "Syria's Troublesome Militias". Carnegie Mec. Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  5. "Quwat Dir' Al-Amn Al-Askari: A Latakia Military Intelligence Militia". Joshulandis. Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  6. "Can Assad's Demobilization, Demilitarization, and Rehabilitation Strategy Actually Consolidate Syria's Paramilitary Forces?". Washington Institute. Mona Alami. Retrieved 30 July 2022.