Richard Pipes

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Richard Pipes
Richard Pipes in October 2004
Born(1923-07-11)July 11, 1923
DiedMay 17, 2018(2018-05-17) (aged 94)
Alma materCornell University
Harvard University
SpouseIrene Eugenia Roth
ChildrenDaniel Pipes
AwardsNational Humanities Medal

Richard Edgar Pipes (July 11, 1923 – May 17, 2018) was a Polish-American academic. His works were about Russian history, especially relating to the Soviet Union. He held strong anti-communist points of view throughout his career.

In 1976 he headed Team B, a team of analysts organized by the Central Intelligence Agency who analyzed the strategic capacities and goals of the Soviet military and political leadership. Pipes is the father of American historian and expert on American foreign policy and the Middle East, Daniel Pipes.

Early life[change | change source]

Pipes was born to a Jewish family in Cieszyn, Poland, which fled the country as refugees after it was invaded by Nazi Germany. Settling in the United States in 1940, he became a naturalized citizen in 1943 while serving in the United States Army Air Corps. From 1958 to 1996, Pipes worked at Harvard University.[1]

Recent activities[change | change source]

He was a member of the advisory council of the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation.[2]

Pipes died in Belmont, Massachusetts on May 17, 2018 at the age of 94.[3][4]

More reading[change | change source]

  • Bogle, Lori Lyn, "Pipes, Richard", pp. 922–923, in The Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing edited by Kelly Boyd, Vol. 2, London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishing, 1999. online
  • Malia, Martin Edward, "The Hunt for the True October", pp. 21–28, from Commentary, Vol. 92, 1991.
  • Pipes, Richard, "Vixi: The Memoirs of a Non-Belonger", 2003.
  • Poe, Marshall, "The Dissident", Azure (Spring 2008).
  • Somin, Ilya, "Riddles, Mysteries, and Enigmas: Unanswered Questions of Communism's Collapse", pp. 84–88, from Policy Review, Vol. 70, 1994.
  • Stent, Angela, "Review of U.S-Soviet Relations in the Era of Détente", pp. 91–92, from Russian Review, Vol. 41, 1982.
  • Szeftel, Marc, "Two Negative Appraisals of Russian Pre-Revolutionary Development", pp. 74–87, from Canadian-American Slavic Studies, 1980.

References[change | change source]

  1. ":: Uważam Rze Historia". Archived from the original on 2015-02-16. Retrieved 2015-02-23.
  2. "National Advisory Council". Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved May 20, 2011.
  3. "Nie żyje prof. Richard Pipes" (in Polish). Gremi Media. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
  4. Grimes, William (17 May 2018). "Richard Pipes, Historian of Russia and Reagan Aide, Dies at 94" – via

Other websites[change | change source]