This article is about a World Heritage Site

Sagrada Família

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sagrada Família
Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família
Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia
Basilica and Expiatory Church of the Holy Family

the Passion Façade (Western side) in September 2009
(cranes digitally removed)

Basic information
Location Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Affiliation Roman Catholic
District Barcelona
Year consecrated 7 November 2010
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Minor basilica
Status Active/incomplete
Heritage designation 1969, 1984
Leadership Archbishop Joan Josep Omella
Architectural description
Architect(s) Antoni Gaudí
Architectural style Modernisme
General contractor Construction Board of La Sagrada Família Foundation[source?][dubious ]
Direction of façade Southeast
Groundbreaking 1882; 136 years ago (1882)
Completed 2026–2028[1] (2011 estimate)
Capacity 9,000
Length 90 m (300 ft)[2]
Width 60 m (200 ft)[2]
Width (nave) 45 m (150 ft)[2]
Spire(s) 18 (8 already built)
Spire height 170 m (560 ft) (planned)
Spanish Property of Cultural Interest
Official name: Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia
Type: MonumentBasilica
Designated: 24 July 1969
Reference #: (R.I.)-51-0003813-00000[3]

The Sagrada Familia (full name Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família) is a large Roman Catholic church in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. It was designed by Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí (1852–1926).

Although not finished, the church is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[4] In November 2010 it was consecrated (dedicated to a special purpose) and made a minor basilica by Pope Benedict XVI.[5][6][7]

Building of the Sagrada Família began in 1882. Gaudí started working on it in 1883.[4] He took over the project, and changed it with his ideas on architecture and engineering.

Gaudí worked on it until he died. At the time of his death in 1926, less than a quarter of the building was finished.[8] The Sagrada Família's building was slow. It needed private donations (people giving money to it). It was stopped by the Spanish Civil War—only to start again in the 1950s. Building was more than halfway done after 2010. Some of the project's biggest problems still remain.[8] There is an expected finish date of 2026–100 years after Gaudí's death.

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Tremlett, Giles (22 September 2011). "Sagrada Família gets final completion date – 2026 or 2028". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named gimeno. ().
  3. "Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia". Patrimonio Historico – Base de datos de bienes inmuebles (in Spanish). Ministerio de Cultura. Retrieved 9 January 2011.[dead link]
  4. 4.0 4.1 Works of Antoni Gaudi, UNESCO World Heritage Centre, accessed 14-11-2010
  5. Drummer, Alexander (23 July 2010). "Pontiff to Proclaim Gaudí's Church a Basilica". ZENIT. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
  6. "The Pope Consecrates The Church Of The Sagrada Familia". Vatican City: Vatican Information Service. 7 November 2010. Archived from the original on 11 November 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  7. Delaney, Sarah (4 March 2010). "Pope to visit Santiago de Compostela, Barcelona in November". Catholic News Service. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Minder, Raphael (3 November 2010). "Polishing Gaudi's Unfinished Jewel". The New York Times.

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Zerbst, Rainer (1988). Antoni Gaudi- A Life Devoted to Architecture. trans. from German by Doris Jones and Jeremy Gaines. Hamburg, Germany: Taschen. ISBN 3-8228-0074-0.
  • Nonell, Juan Bassegoda (2004). Antonio Gaudi: Master Architect. New York: Abbeville Press. ISBN 0-7892-0220-4.
  • Crippa, Maria Antonietta (2003). Peter Gossel, ed. Antoni Gaudi, 1852–1926: From Nature to Architecture. trans. Jeremy Carden. Hamburg, Germany: Taschen. ISBN 3-8228-2518-2.
  • Schneider, Rolf (2004). Manfred Leier, ed. 100 most beautiful cathedrals of the world: A journey through five continents. trans. from German by Susan Ghanouni and Rae Walter. Edison, New Jersey: Chartwell Books. p. 33. ISBN 978-0-7858-1888-5.

Other websites[change | change source]