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Sagrada Família

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Sagrada Familia
Basílica i Temple Expiatori
de la Sagrada Família

Basílica y Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia
Basilica and Expiatory Church
of the Holy Family
Exterior Sagrada Família2.jpg
The Passion Façade (Western side) in July 2018
AffiliationRoman Catholic
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusMinor basilica
LeadershipHis Eminence Juan Josep Cardinal Omella, Archbishop of Barcelona
Year consecrated7 November 2010
LocationBarcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Geographic coordinates41°24′13″N 2°10′28″E / 41.40361°N 2.17444°E / 41.40361; 2.17444Coordinates: 41°24′13″N 2°10′28″E / 41.40361°N 2.17444°E / 41.40361; 2.17444
Architect(s)Antoni Gaudí
Architectural styleModernisme
General contractorConstruction Board of La Sagrada Família Foundation[1]
Groundbreaking1882; 139 years ago (1882)
Completedstructural work 2026[2] (2017 estimate)
decorations 2032[3]
Direction of façadeSoutheast
Length90 m (300 ft)
Width60 m (200 ft)
Width (nave)45 m (150 ft)
Spire(s)18 (8 already built)
Spire height170 m (560 ft) (planned)
Official name: Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia
24 July 1969
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Part ofWorks of Antoni Gaudí
CriteriaCultural: i, ii, iv
Inscription2005 (29th Session)

The Sagrada Familia (full name Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família) is a large Roman Catholic church in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. It was designed by architect Antoni Gaudí (1852–1926).

Although it is not finished, the church is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[5] In November 2010 it was consecrated (dedicated to a special purpose) and made a minor basilica by Pope Benedict XVI.[6][7][8]

Building of the Sagrada Familia began in 1882. Gaudi started working on it in 1883.[5] He took over the project, and changed it with his ideas on architecture and engineering.

Gaudi worked on it until he died. At the time of his death in 1926, less than a quarter of the building was finished.[9] The Sagrada Família's building was slow. It needed private donations (people giving money to it). It was stopped by the Spanish Civil War—only to start again in the 1950s. Building was more than halfway done after 2010. Some of the project's biggest problems still remain.[9]

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Fundació junta constructora del Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família
  4. "Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia". Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Works of Antoni Gaudi, UNESCO World Heritage Centre, accessed 14-11-2010
  6. Drummer, Alexander (23 July 2010). "Pontiff to Proclaim Gaudí's Church a Basilica". ZENIT. Archived from the original on 25 September 2010. Retrieved 7 November 2010.
  7. "The Pope Consecrates The Church Of The Sagrada Familia". Vatican City: Vatican Information Service. 7 November 2010. Archived from the original on 11 November 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  8. Delaney, Sarah (4 March 2010). "Pope to visit Santiago de Compostela, Barcelona in November". Catholic News Service. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Minder, Raphael (3 November 2010). "Polishing Gaudi's Unfinished Jewel". The New York Times.

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Zerbst, Rainer (1988). Antoni Gaudi- A Life Devoted to Architecture. trans. from German by Doris Jones and Jeremy Gaines. Hamburg, Germany: Taschen. ISBN 978-3-8228-0074-4.
  • Nonell, Juan Bassegoda (2004). Antonio Gaudi: Master Architect. New York: Abbeville Press. ISBN 978-0-7892-0220-8.
  • Crippa, Maria Antonietta (2003). Peter Gossel (ed.). Antoni Gaudi, 1852–1926: From Nature to Architecture. trans. Jeremy Carden. Hamburg, Germany: Taschen. ISBN 978-3-8228-2518-1.
  • Schneider, Rolf (2004). Manfred Leier (ed.). 100 most beautiful cathedrals of the world: A journey through five continents. trans. from German by Susan Ghanouni and Rae Walter. Edison, New Jersey: Chartwell Books. p. 33. ISBN 978-0-7858-1888-5.

Other websites[change | change source]