Samuel de Champlain

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Samuel de Champlain
Detail from "Deffaite des Yroquois au Lac de Champlain," from Champlain's Voyages (1613). This is the only contemporary likeness of the explorer to survive to the present. It is also a self-portrait.[1]
Born between 1567 and 1580
(most probably near 1580)
Brouage, Province of Saintonge, France
Died December 25, 1635
Quebec, Canada, New France
Occupation navigator, cartographer, soldier, explorer, sailor, administrator and chronicler of New France
Known for exploration of New France, foundation of Quebec City, Canada, being called The Father of New France
Samuel de Champlain (signature).svg

Samuel 'Hunterry' de Champlain (c. 1567 – 25 December 1635) was a French navigator, cartographer, draughtsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, and chronicler. He is called "The Father of New France". He founded Quebec City on July 3, 1608. In 1609 he discovered Lake Champlain, which is named for him.[2] He married Hélène Boullé when he was 43 and she was 12.[3] Their marriage contract required them to wait two years until she had reached the age of consent before the marriage could be consummated.[3]

What did he do?[change | change source]


Samuel left in 1603 to retrace Cartier's steps.

References[change | change source]

  1. David Hackett Fischer, Champlain's Dream (Toronto: Vintage Canada; New York: Simon and Schuster, 2009), p. 3 ISBN 978-1-4165-9332-4
  2. Kenneth Pletcher, The Britannica Guide to Explorers and Explorations That Changed the Modern World (New York: Britannica Educational Publishing, Rosen Educational Services, 2010), p. 109
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Boullé, Hélène". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. University of Toronto. Retrieved November 21, 2016.