New France

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New France
Nouvelle-France
Colony of France
1534–1763
Flag
Flag
Royal Coat of arms
Royal Coat of arms
Motto
Montjoie Saint Denis!
"Mountjoy Saint Denis!"
Anthem
Marche Henri IV
"March of Henry IV"
New France in 1750 (blue)
Capital Quebec
Languages French
Religion Roman Catholic
Political structure Autonomous colony
King
 •  1534–1547 Francis I (first)
 •  1715–1763 Louis XV (last)
Viceroy
 •  1534–1541 Jacques Cartier (first)
 •  1755–1760 Pierre de Rigaud (last)
Legislature Sovereign Council
Historical era Colonial Era
 •  Voyage of 1534 24 July 1534
 •  Foundation of Quebec 3 July 1608
 •  Treaty of Utrecht 11 April 1713
 •  Capitulation of Quebec 18 September 1759
 •  Capitulation of Montreal 8 September 1760
 •  Treaty of Paris 10 February 1763
Currency New France livre
Succeeded by
Province of Quebec
Nova Scotia
Newfoundland
Louisiana
Today part of  Canada
 United States
 France (as Flag of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.svg French Overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon)

New France was a colony settled by France in North America. The regions in New France included Quebec, Acadia, and the Louisiana Territory. Quebec City was its capital. The French settled there after finding Quebec and in doing so created New France. The colony was most valuable for its fur trade. France lost the colony during the French and Indian War and it became part of British North America, except the western part of the Louisiana Territory which France had ceded in 1762 to the Spanish Empire. In 1800 Spain returned that territory to Napoleon, who sold it to the United States in 1803.