Sansha

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Sansha
三沙市
Prefecture-level city
Aerial view of Yongxing Island (Woody Island), the seat of Sansha
Aerial view of Yongxing Island (Woody Island), the seat of Sansha
Location Sansha jurisdiction (in pink) in Hainan
Location Sansha jurisdiction (in pink) in Hainan
Sansha is located in South China Sea
Sansha (Pref. seat)Yongxing
Sansha (Pref. seat)
Yongxing
Sansha (South China Sea)

Location of the major islands in Sansha
Coordinates: 16°50′03″N 112°20′15″E / 16.83417°N 112.33750°E / 16.83417; 112.33750
Country China
Province Hainan
Prefecture 24 July 2012
City seat Woody Island
(Yongxing Dao)
Government
 • CPC Municipal Party Secretary Fu Zhuang (符戆)
 • Mayor A Dong (阿东)
Area
 • Land < 13 km2 (< 5 sq mi)
 • Water ~2,000,000 km2 (~772,000 sq mi)
Population (2013)[1]
 • Total 1,443
Time zone China Standard Time (UTC+8)
Postal code 573100
Website www.sansha.gov.cn
Territorial Dispute: There are on-going territorial disputes in the entire area covered by the city, whose administrative authority is not internationally recognized.
Sansha
Sansha.svg
"Sansha", as written in Chinese
Chinese
Hanyu Pinyin Sānshā
Postal Map Samsha
Literal meaning three sands (referring to the Chinese names for the three island groups)

Sansha (三沙) is a city of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in Hainan Province.[2] The city government's main building was built on Woody Island in the South China Sea.[3]

History[change | change source]

In 2012, the city was established to administer several uninhabited island groups and undersea atolls in the South China Sea, including the Spratly and Paracel Islands as well as the Macclesfield Bank.[4]

The area of city includes disputed territory not controlled by China.[5]

The city plans to develop virtual economic activity. In early 2013, there were 11 companies that have registered in Sansha. They are paying tax in Sansha.[6]

Timeline[change | change source]

  • 1911: Guangdong Provincial Government of PRC claims the Xisha Islands as part Hainan's Yaxian County[7]
  • 1959: PRC sets up the Guangdong Province administrative office for Xisha, Nansha and Zhongsha islands[7]
  • 1984: Hainan Administrative Region was set up[7]
  • 1988: Hainan Province was set up to take over the administrative office[7]
  • 2012: Sansha City established[7]

Government[change | change source]

The first mayor of the city was elected by a People’s Congress with 45 delegates.[6]

The city has a court of justice and a clinic. A kindergarten and a school are being planned.[6]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "三沙概览". sansha.gov.cn. Government of Sansha. Retrieved 13 March 2015.  not including the floating population of 2,000 and more; only residents are counted
  2. "US criticises China garrison," Bangkok Post, 4 August 2012; retrieved 2013-4-17.
  3. "New city established on Yongxing Island," China Daily" (PRC). 24 July 2012; retrieved 2013-4-29.
  4. "China sets up Sansha City to administer South China Sea islands," Sina, 21 June 2012; retrieved 2013-4-17.
  5. Perlez, Jane. "China Sends Troops to Disputed Islands," New York Times, July 24, 2012; retrieved 2013-4-17.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Boehler, Patrick. "Mayor: South China Sea city ‘could become Chinese business hub’," Asian Correspondent (UK). March 10, 2013; retrieved 2012-4-23.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 "China's Jurisdiction over the South China Sea," Beijing Review, July 3, 2012;; retrieved 2013-4-17.

Other websites[change | change source]