Santiago Bernabéu Stadium
|Location||Av. de Concha Espina 1, 28036 Madrid, Spain|
|Opened||14 December 1947|
|Expanded||1953, 1992, 1994, 2011|
|Owner||Real Madrid C.F.|
|Surface||Mixto Hybrid Grass Technology|
|Construction cost||288,342,653 Ptas (€1,732,943)|
|Architect||Manuel Muñoz Monasterio
Luis Alemany Soler
Antonio Lamela (Expansion)
|Field dimensions||105 m × 68 m (344 ft × 223 ft)|
The Santiago Bernabéu Stadium is a football stadium in Madrid, Spain. It is the second largest stadium in Spain after the Camp Nou. It has a capacity for 81,044 people. The stadium is also called Estadio Santiago Bernabéu in Spanish.
The 1982 FIFA World Cup including the final, was held at Santiago Bernabéu. It is the most famous stadium in all of Spain.
History[change | change source]
In the early parts of the 20th century, Real Madrid first played at Campo De O’Donnell. The team later moved to the larger Campo de Chamartín in 1924.
Santiago Bernabéu Stadium was built at the same site of Campo de Chamartín. Construction began in 1945. On the 14th of December of 1947, the stadium officially opened. The first match was against Portuguese champions C.F. Os Belenenses (3-1). The stadium was initially called Nuevo Estadio Chamartin. It received the name of the club-president eight years later.
At that time, Estadio Santiago Bernabéu consisted of two uncovered tiers that could hold just over 75,000 spectators. Capacity was further increased to 125,000 in 1954, when one of the long sides got expanded with a third tier. The Bernabéu was together with Camp Nou as the playing venue of the UEFA 1964 European Nations' Cup, hosting one of the two semi-finals and the final between Spain and the Soviet Union (2-1).
Towards the end of the 1970s, the stadium had already started to age. Club officials started making plans to build a new stadium in the north of the city.
However, with the perspective of the 1982 World Cup it was instead decided to renovate the Bernabéu. The renovation included the construction of a roof over the three two-tiered stands and the installation of seats in half of the stadium. As a result, capacity was reduced to 90,800. During the 1982 FIFA World Cup, the Santiago Bernabéu hosted three matches in the second group stage and the final between Italy and West Germany (3-1).
In the 1990s, UEFA required the stadium to become an all-seater, which would have reduced capacity to 50,000 seats. Club president Ramón Mendoza therefore started an extensive redevelopment program. The changes included extending the third tier over the entire stadium, the creation of corporate facilities, and four access towers in each corner of the stadium. Works started in 1992 and were completed two years later.
Estadio Santiago Bernabéu was further refurbished and upgraded between 2001 and 2006. Works most of all focused on improving corporate facilities. Construction was concluded in 2006 with the construction of a roof over the one remaining uncovered stand. The expansion design was done by Madrid-based architect Antonio Lamela.
Additional improvements, such as a retractable roof, were delayed due to financial reasons. In 2013 club president Florentino Pérez announced Real was seeking to sell the naming rights for its stadium. In 2014 German architects GMP revealed a plan for the improvements. A sponsorship agreement was finally made with IPIC.
References[change | change source]
-  "Santiago Bernabeu Stadium" Real Madrid.com. Official website. Retrieved 1 August 2016