Scipio Aemilianus

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Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus Aemilianus
Male head of a bronze statue
The so-called "Hellenistic Prince", tentatively identified as Scipio Aemilianus[1]
Born185 BC
Died129 BC (aged 55–56)
NationalityRoman
OccupationGeneral and statesman
Spouse(s)Sempronia
RelativesLucius Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus (father)
Scipio Africanus (adoptive grandfather)
Ti. Gracchus (brother-in-law)
RankProconsul
WarsThird Punic War
Battle of the Port of Carthage
Second Battle of Nepheris
Siege of Carthage
Numantine War
Siege of Numantia
Awards2 Roman triumphs

Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus Aemilianus (185–129 BC) was a Roman general and statesman. He is commonly called Scipio Aemilianus, or Scipio the Younger. He became known because he was a successful general in the Third Punic War against Carthage. He was present, when Carthage was defeated and destroyed. He was also successful in the Numantine War in Spain. He also supported writers and philiosophers, called a patron. The most famous of these people he supported was probably the Greek historian Polybius. In politics, he opposed the populist reform program of his murdered brother-in-law, Tiberius Gracchus.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Coarelli p. 187

References[change | change source]

Ancient sources[change | change source]

  • Appian, Roman History, Book 6, The Wars in Spain, Loeb Classical Library, Vol I, Books 1–8.1., Loeb, 1989; ISBN 978-0674990029
  • Appian, Roman History, Book 8 Part 1, The Punic Wars, Loeb Classical Library, Vol III, Books 1–3.26., Loeb, 1989; ISBN 978-0674990029
  • Appian, Roman History, Book 13, The Civil Wars (Book I) in Spain, Loeb Classical Library, Vol I, Books 1–81., Loeb, 1989; ISBN 978-0674990050
  • Cicero, De oratore I-III, Bloomsbury 3PL; new edition, 2013; ISBN 978-1853996313
  • Florus Epitome of Roman History, CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2015; ISBN 978-1519684851
  • Plutarch, Tiberius Gracchus, Caius Gracchus, Romulus, in Plutarch's Lives (two volumes), Modern Library, 2001; Vol. 1 ISBN 978-0375756764; Vol 2 ISBN 978-0375756771
  • Polybius, The Histories, Oxford World's Classics, OUP Oxford, 2010; ISBN 978-0199534708
  • Velleius Paterculus, Roman History, Hackett Publishing, 2011; ISBN 978-1603845915