Sea level

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The sea level is the average height of the ocean (informally called the sea). The word 'average' must be used because the height of the sea changes with the tides.

The height of mountains, countries, and so on, is almost always given as "above sea level".

Global warming means that Antarctica and Greenland ice sheets are melting and the oceans are expanding. Sea level rises could easily top a metre by 2100. Low-lying areas such as Bangladesh, Florida and the Netherlands face massive flooding.[1]

List of cities impacted by current sea level rise[change | change source]

Impact of 6 meter sea level rise

This is a list of cities impacted by current sea level rise.

Cities on this list have either started trying to deal with rising sea levels and related storm surges, or are discussing this, according to reliable sources.

OECD 2007 report[change | change source]

Major cities vulnerable to sea level rise

Per the map was based on data of a 2007 OECD report;

  1. Miami, USA
  2. Guangzhou, P.R. of China
  3. New York-Newark, USA
  4. Kolkata, India
  5. Shanghai, P.R. of China
  6. Mumbai, India
  7. Tianjin, P.R. of China
  8. Tokyo, Japan
  9. Hong Kong, P.R. of China
  10. Bangkok, Thailand
  11. Ningbo, P.R. of China
  12. New Orleans, USA
  13. Osaka-Kobe, Japan
  14. Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  15. Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  16. Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
  17. Nagoya, Japan
  18. Qingdao, China
  19. Virginia Beach, USA
  20. Alexandria, Egypt

The additional 7 cities that are in the top 20 cities exposed to coastal flooding is:

  • Rangoon, Myanmar
  • Hai Phòng, Vietnam
  • Khulna, Bangladesh
  • Lagos, Nigeria
  • Abidjan, Cote D'Ivoire
  • Chittagong, Bangladesh
  • Jakarta, Indonesia

References[change | change source]

  1. Scientists to issue stark warning over dramatic new sea level figures
  2. Royal Geographical Society
  3. en:PlaNYC
  4. Sea Level Rise; Projections and Impacts for New York
  5. interactive map from Climate Central
  6. Sea Level Rise Tool for Sandy Recovery en:U.S. Global Change Research Program
  7. World Bank, World Development Report 2010, 91.
  8. en:Climate change in New York City
  9. Noguchi, Yuki (2014-06-24). "As Sea Levels Rise, Norfolk Is Sinking And Planning". NPR. Retrieved 2014-11-25.
  10. National Security and the Accelerating Risks of Climate Change May 2014 CNA Military Advisory Board
  11. Investigation of Air Pollution Standing Conference
  12. Montgomery, David (2013-10-24). "Crisfield, Md., beats back a rising Chesapeake Bay". Washington Post. Retrieved 2013-10-27.
  13. Two cities, two very different responses to rising sea levels July 2, 2015 PBS NewsHour
  14. Jeff Goodell (June 20, 2013). "Goodbye, Miami". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 21, 2013. "The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development lists Miami as the number-one most vulnerable city worldwide in terms of property damage, with more than $416 billion in assets at risk to storm-related flooding and sea-level rise."
  15. Climate Change Economics February 2015 National Geographic
  17. Most at risk: Study reveals Sydney's climate change 'hotspots' - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)
  19. Khan, Sami (2012-01-25). "Effects of Climate Change on Thatta and Badin". Retrieved 2013-10-27.
  20. World Bank, World Development Report 2010, 91.

Other websites[change | change source]