Senate of the Republic (Mexico)

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Senate of the Republic
Senado de la República
LXIV Legislature
Seal of the Senate
Type
Type
History
FoundedOctober 4, 1824 (1824-10-04)
Leadership
Mónica Fernández Balboa (MORENA)
Since 1 September 2019
Structure
Seats128 members
Senado de México (2018-2024).svg
Political groups
Government (77)

Opposition (51)

Length of term
6 years
AuthorityChapter II of the Constitution of the United Mexican States
Elections
Limited voting
Last election
July 1, 2018 (2018-07-01)
Motto
La Patria Es Primero
(The Country Is First)
Meeting place
Senado de México 02.jpg
Senate Tribune
Senate Palace
Mexico City
Mexico
Website
Official Website of the Mexican Senate


The Senate of the Republic, (Spanish: Senado de la República) constitutionally Chamber of Senators of the Honorable Congress of the Union (Spanish: Cámara de Senadores del H. Congreso de la Unión), is the upper house of Mexico's bicameral Congress. It currently consists of 128 members, who serve six-year terms.

Make-up[change | change source]

After a series of reforms during the 1990s, the Senate is made up of 128 senators:[1]

  • Two for each of the 32 states[a] elected under the principle of relative majority;
  • One for each of the 32 states[a] assigned under the principle of first minority (i.e. awarded to the party who had won the second highest number of votes within the state or Federal District);
  • Thirty-two national senators-at-large, divided among the parties in proportion to their share of the national vote.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Federal District counts as a state

References[change | change source]

  1. "Cámara de senadores". IFE.