Shanghai Tower

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Shanghai Tower
Shànghǎi Zhōngxīn Dàshà
Former names Shanghai Center
General information
Status Complete
Type Mixed-use
Location 501 Yincheng Middle Rd, Lujiazui, Pudong, Shanghai, China
Coordinates 31°14′08″N 121°30′04″E / 31.2355°N 121.501°E / 31.2355; 121.501Coordinates: 31°14′08″N 121°30′04″E / 31.2355°N 121.501°E / 31.2355; 121.501
Construction started 29 November 2008
Completed 6 September 2014
Inaugurated 18 February 2015
Cost US$2.4 billion
15.7 billion (yuan)
Top floor 587.4 m (1,927 ft) (Level 127)[1]
Technical details
Floor count 128 above ground
5 below grade
Floor area 380,000 m2 (4,090,300 sq ft) above grade
170 m2 (1,800 sq ft) below grade
Elevators 106
Design and construction
Owner Shanghai Tower Construction and Development
Main contractor Shanghai Construction Group
Architect Jun Xia (Gensler)
Engineer Thornton Tomasetti
Cosentini Associates
I.DEA Ecological Solutions

The Shanghai Tower (Chinese: 上海中心大厦; pinyin: Shànghǎi Zhōngxīn Dàshà; Shanghainese: Zånhe Tsonshin Dasa; literally: "Shanghai Center Tower") is a 632-metre (2,073 ft), 128-story megatall skyscraper in Shanghai.[8] As of 2015, it is the world's tallest building, by height to highest usable floor (Level 121: 561.25m).

Records[change | change source]

It also has the world's highest observation deck within a building or structure (Level 121, 561.25 m),[9] and the world's fastest elevators at a top speed of 20.5 m/s (74 km/h).[10][11]

It is the world's second-tallest building by height to architectural top (behind Dubai's Burj Khalifa, 828 m) and the world's third-tallest structure (behind Tokyo Skytree, 634 m).

Background[change | change source]

Designed by international design firm Gensler and owned by the Shanghai city government,[2] it is the tallest of the world's first triple-adjacent super-tall buildings in Pudong, the other two being the Jin Mao Tower and the Shanghai World Financial Center. Its tiered construction, designed for high energy efficiency, provides nine separate zones divided between office, retail and leisure use.[5][6][12]

Construction work on the tower began in November 2008[8] and topped out on 3 August 2013. The exterior was completed in summer 2015,[7][12] and work was considered complete in September 2015. Although the building was originally scheduled to open to the public in November 2014, the actual public-use date slipped considerably. The observation deck was opened to visitors in July 2016; the period from July through September 2016 was termed a "test run" or "commissioning" period.[13][14]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Official Weibo Blog (use Google Translate and see status update dated 2013-11-29 14:35:44)". 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Shanghai Tower Developer Casts a Wide Net". Wall Street Journal. 27 May 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  3. "Shanghai Tower – The Skyscraper Center". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2015. 
  4. "Shanghai defies slump with tallest building plan". Reuters. 27 November 2008. Retrieved 28 November 2008. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Shanghai Tower News Release" (PDF). Gensler. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 28 November 2008. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Is China's Shanghai Tower the world's greenest super skyscraper?". Financial Times. 22 November 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Shanghai Tower nears completion". Los Angeles Times. 12 June 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Shanghai Tower Breaks Ground". 29 November 2008. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  9. ""上海中心"多数楼层有望年内逐步投用,"Shanghai Center"" [Most floors are expected to gradually put into use during the year (Google Translate)].  Cite uses deprecated parameter |trans_title= (help)
  10. "The world's fastest elevator". 
  11. "CNN: China unveils world's fastest elevator". 
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Tall towers: Signs in the sky". The Economist. 15 January 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2014. 
  13. Roxburgh, Helen. Inside Shanghai Tower, The Guardian, 23 August 2016
  14. Shanghai Tower Travel China Guide (January 2017)

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Shanghai Tower at Wikimedia Commons