The silky anteater is nocturnal (active at night), aboreal (lives in trees), and solitary (lives alone). One of its most noticeable features are the two large claws on each of its front paws, which it uses to cling to branches and defend itself. It can use its tail to grasp things. It has soft yellow to grey fur.
Like other anteaters, it is an insectivore (eats mainly insects) and like to eat ants.