Siraj ud-Daulah

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Siraj ud-Daulah
Siraj ud-Daulah.jpg
Siraj ud-Daula
ReignApril 1756 – July 2, 1757
PredecessorAli Vardi Khan
SuccessorMir Jafar
Born1733
DiedJuly 2, 1757
Burial
Wives
  • Umdat-un-nisa (Bahu Begum Sahiba) (m. before 22 March 1745; d. 10 November 1793)
  • Lutf-un-nisa (Raj Kanwar) (d. November 1790)
IssueQudsia Begum Sahiba (born at Mansurganj Palace near Murshidabad before July 23, 1754; m. Mir Asad Ali Khan Bahadur) (d/o Lutf-un-nisa)
Full name
Mirza Muhammad Siraj ud-Daulah
DynastyAfshar
FatherZain ud-Din Ahmed Khan (Mirza Muhammad Hashim)
MotherAmina Begum
ReligionSunni Muslim

Mirza Muhammad Siraj ud-Daulah, more commonly known as Siraj ud-Daulah (1733 – July 2, 1757), was the last independent Nawab of Bengal. The end of his reign marked the start of British East India Company's rule over Bengal and later almost all of South Asia. Before all these he was the one who helped Alivardi Khan resist all the 5 invasions of Maratha Confederacy, and 1 invasion of Durrani Empire, he also helped Alivardi in 3 tackle attack on Maratha Confederacy, and 1 tackle attack on Durrani Empire. His reign of just 1 year extended the Nawab of Bengal from Chhattisgarh to Parts of Thailand.

Biography of Siraj[change | change source]

•Mirza Muhammad Siraj-ud-Daulah was born in Murshidabad,Bengal on 1733 to Zain-Ud-Din-Ahmed-Khan(Father), and Amina Begum(Mother) to a Sunni Muslim family. •His father was the Diwan of Bihar under the Nawab of Bengal Alivardi Khan. •His mother was the youngest daughter of Nawab of Bengal Alivardi Khan(Father), and Sharf-Un-Nissa Begum(Mother). •He was very brave since His childhood, and educationally strong, and intelligent too. He was the scholar of 9 languages, and was really good at Maths, and Science. Because Alivardi Khan wanted him to do so. He studied with his two childhood friend Mir Madan, and Mohanlal. •His first war in his whole life was at The age of 9 years with Alivardi Khan at the age of 71 years with just 2,500 soldiers against the army of Raghoji Bhonsle, and Bhaskar Pandit with 20,000 soldiers. •He has killed an Asian Lion without any weapons at age of just 13 years. •During The Third Battle of Katwa, he defeated 32,000 soldiers of Sikh with just 5,000 specialised cavalry soldiers. •During the First Battle of Siliguri He, and Alivardi Khan together with just 45,000 soldiers attacked, and defeated the 92,850 soldiers of Durrani Empire under Emperor Jahan-Bakht-Khan. •During The Second Battle of Haldigram Commander Manikchand of Banga Jala Bahini (Bengal Navy) under Siraj with 45 vessels attacked, and defeated The East India Company Navy with 52 vessels, because of the technological advancement of the Bengal Navy. •During The Seige of Calcutta Siraj, and Mohanlal took just 50 soldiers, attacked, and defeated the 4,000 soldiers of East India Company in Fort William, Calcutta.

Reign as Nawab[change | change source]

Siraj ud-Daulah received the title of Mansur-ul-Mulk, Seraj-ud-Daulla, Ghaseti Begum"(Victory of the Country, Light of the State, Horror in War). He was to succeed as the Nawab of Bengal in April 1756 AD at the age of twenty seven. Siraj ud-Daulah's nomination to the nawabship caused jealousy and enmity of Mehar-un-nisa Begum or Ghaseti Begum(eldest sister of Siraj's Mother Amina Begum), Raja Rajballabh, Mir Jafar Ali Khan and Shaukat Jang(Siraj's Cousin). Ghaseti Begum possessed huge wealth, which was the source of her influence and strength. On Perceiving serious opposition from her, Siraj ud-Daulah seized her wealth from Moti Jheel Palace and placed her in confinement. The nawab also made certain changes in high government positions giving them to his own favorites.