Siraj ud-Daulah

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Siraj ud-Daulah
Siraj ud-Daulah.jpg
Siraj ud-Daula
ReignApril 1756 – July 2, 1757
PredecessorAli Vardi Khan
SuccessorMir Jafar
DiedJuly 2, 1757
  • Umdat-un-nisa (Bahu Begum Sahiba) (m. before 22 March 1745; d. 10 November 1793)
  • Lutf-un-nisa (Raj Kanwar) (d. November 1790)
IssueQudsia Begum Sahiba (born at Mansurganj Palace near Murshidabad before July 23, 1754; m. Mir Asad Ali Khan Bahadur) (d/o Lutf-un-nisa)
Full name
Mirza Muhammad Siraj ud-Daulah
FatherZain ud-Din Ahmed Khan (Mirza Muhammad Hashim)
MotherAmina Begum

Mirza Muhammad Siraj ud-Daulah, more commonly known as Siraj ud-Daulah (1733 – July 2, 1757), was the last independent Nawab of Bengal. The end of his reign marked the start of British East India Company's rule over Bengal and later almost all of South Asia.

Early years[change | change source]

•Mirza Muhammad Siraj-ud-Daulah was the last independent Nawab of Bengal.

•Siraj succeeded his maternal grandfather, Alivardi Khan as the Nawab of Bengal in April 1756 at the age of 23. Betrayed by Mir Jafar, the commander of Nawab's army, Siraj lost the Battle of Plassey on 23 June 1757. The forces of the East India Company under Robert Clive invaded and the administration of Bengal fell into the hands of the company.

•The end of his reign marked the start of the rule of the East India Company over Bengal and later almost all of the Indian subcontinent.

Reign as Nawab[change | change source]

Siraj ud-Daulah received the title of Mansur-ul-Mulk, Seraj-ud-Daulla, Ghaseti Begum"(Victory of the Country, Light of the State, Horror in War). He was to succeed as the Nawab of Bengal in April 1756 AD at the age of twenty seven. Siraj ud-Daulah's nomination to the nawabship caused jealousy and enmity of Mehar-un-nisa Begum or Ghaseti Begum(eldest sister of Siraj's Mother Amina Begum), Raja Rajballabh, Mir Jafar Ali Khan and Shaukat Jang(Siraj's Cousin). Ghaseti Begum possessed huge wealth, which was the source of her influence and strength. On Perceiving serious opposition from her, Siraj ud-Daulah seized her wealth from Moti Jheel Palace and placed her in confinement. The nawab also made certain changes in high government positions giving them to his own favorites.