Nawab of Bengal
Nawab Nazim of Bengal and Orissa (1717–1880)a
Nawab Bahadur of Murshidabad (1882–1971)b
Nawabs of Bengal and Murshidabad
Motto: Nil Desperandum
"There is no cause for despair, never despair"
|Historical era||Mughal Empire|
|23 June 1757|
|22 October 1764|
• Abolition of the title of Nawab of Bengal
• Abdication of Mansoor Ali Khan, the last Nawab of Bengal
|1 November 1880|
• Emergence of the Nawab of Murshidabad
|17 February 1882|
• Article 18 of the Indian Constitution abolishes titles, except those given by the Government of India to those who have made their mark in military and academic fields
|26 January 1950|
|Today part of|| India|
The last independent Nawab of Bengal, Siraj ud-Daulah, was betrayed in the Battle of Plassey by Mir Jafar. He lost to the British, who in 1757, installed Mir Jafar on the throne and established itself as a political power in Bengal.
In 1765 the system of 'dual government' meant the Nawabs ruled on behalf of the British, and were puppets to the British. In 1772 the system was abolished and Bengal was brought under direct control of the British. In 1793, when the Nizamat (governorship) of the Nawab was also taken away from them, they remained as the pensioners of the British East India Company. The last Nawab of Bengal, Mansur Ali Khan abdicated on 1 November 1880 in favour of his eldest son, Hassan Ali Mirza.
References[change | change source]
- Imperial Gazetteer of India vol. IV 1907, p. 46
- Chaudhury, Sushil; Mohsin, KM (2012). "Sirajuddaula". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 14 June 2015.
- Singh, Vipul (2009). Longman History & Civics (Dual Government in Bengal. Pearson Education India. pp. 29–. ISBN 978-81-317-2888-8.
- Editorial Board : Pratiyogita Darpan (2009). Madhya Pradesh National Means-Cum-Merit Scholarship Exam (Warren Hasting's system of Dual Government. Upkar Prakashan. pp. 11–. ISBN 978-81-7482-744-9.
- Murshidabad.net (8 May 2012). "Decline of the Nawabs of Bengal". Archived from the original on 2 September 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.