|Motto||Ἐν τῇ ἀρετῇ τὴν γνῶσιν|
|Motto in English||In Virtue [One Gains] Knowledge|
|Established||Chartered in 1871; opened its doors in 1875|
|Type||Women's college (Private)|
|Endowment||$1.43 billion (2011)|
|Location||Northampton, Massachusetts, US|
|Colors||Blue with gold trim |
Smith College is a women's college in Northampton, Massachusetts, United States. It is a private, independent, liberal arts college. It is the largest member of the Seven Sisters group of colleges. In 2013, it was number 18 on U.S. News & World Report's list of Best Liberal Arts Colleges.
Smith is a member of the Five Colleges group. That means its students can go to classes at four other schools: Mount Holyoke College, Amherst College, Hampshire College, and the University of Massachusetts Amherst.
History[change | change source]
Smith College was started in 1871 using money left by Sophia Smith. She left money in her will to start a women's college after her death. In her will, she said:
"I hereby make the following provisions for the establishment and maintenance of an Institution for the higher education of young women, with the design to furnish for my own sex means and facilities for education equal to those which are afforded now in our colleges to young men."
When Smith College opened in 1875, it had 14 students and six faculty. By 1915–16, there were 1,724 students and 163 faculty.
The Smith campus covers 147 acres (0.6 km2). It has more than 1,200 varieties of trees and shrubs.
The United States Naval Reserve Midshipmen's School at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts, was a training ground for junior officers of the Women's Reserve of the U.S. Naval Reserve (WAVES). It was nicknamed "USS Northampton." On August 28, 1942, 120 women went to the school for training.
Smith has had 10 presidents and two acting presidents. (An acting president is someone who does the work of a president when there is no president or the president is not available to do the work.) Elizabeth Cutter Morrow was the first acting president of Smith College and the first female head of the college, but she did not use the title of president. For the 1975 centennial, the college had its first woman president, Jill Ker Conway. Since her term, all Smith presidents but one have been women.
On December 10, 2012, the Board of Trustees announced that Kathleen McCartney would be the president of Smith College starting on July 1, 2013. Her official inauguration was planned for October 2013.
Notable students[change | change source]
Many Smith students have become notable. They include:
- Barbara Adams, General Counsel of Pennsylvania
- Tammy Baldwin, US Senator, D-Wisconsin
- Barbara Bush (attended Smith but did not graduate), former First Lady of the United States
- Ernestine Gilbreth Carey, author
- Penny Chenery, recipient of the Smith College Medal, owner/breeder of Secretariat
- Julia Child, chef and author
- Julie Nixon Eisenhower, daughter of Richard Nixon
- Caterina Fake (attended Smith but did not graduate), entrepreneur, founder of Flickr and Hunch
- Margaret Farrar, crossword puzzle editor
- Bonnie Franklin, actress
- Betty Friedan, feminist, activist, author
- Susan George, noted Franco-American political and social scientist, activist and writer
- Molly Ivins, columnist and author
- Madeleine L'Engle, award-winning author
- Anne Morrow Lindbergh, author and aviator
- Catharine MacKinnon, feminist, activist, lawyer
- Ann M. Martin, author
- Margaret Mitchell, award-winning author of Gone with the Wind
- Sylvia Plath, poet and author
- Nancy Reagan, former First Lady of the United States
- Sherry Rehman, Pakistan's Ambassador to U.S.
- Gloria Steinem, feminist, activist, journalist (Class of 1956)
- Niki Tsongas, Congresswoman, D-Massachusetts
- Jane Yolen, award-winning author
Notes[change | change source]
- "Part One" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-09-12.
- Just the Facts, Smith College website.
- "Smith College:Faculty Facts". Smith College. 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
- "Smith College:Visual Identity Program". Smith College. 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2012.
- "Smith College - Best College - Education - US News". Colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com. 2010-08-17. Retrieved 2010-09-12.
- "Five Colleges, Incorporated: Home". Fivecolleges.edu. Retrieved 2010-09-12.
-  Five College Consortium website. "Accessed July 9, 2009"
-  Smith College Web site
- "Sophia Smith: Smith College's Founder", Smith College website.
- "Naval History - August 28". Lake Minnetonka Liberty, 2011. Retrieved September 19, 2011.
- "The 11th President of Smith". Smith College, 2012. Retrieved January 17, 2013.
References[change | change source]
- Horowitz, Helen Lefkowitz. Alma Mater: Design and Experience in the Women's Colleges from Their Nineteenth-Century Beginnings to the 1930s, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1993 (2nd edition).
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Smith College.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Smith College.|