Smoluća Gornja

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Smoluća Gornja
Смолућа Горња (Serbian)
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityFederation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
 • Total737
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

Smoluća Gornja is a village in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the municipality of Lukavac.[1] It is about 14 kilometers or 9 miles northwest of Tuzla.[2]

History[change | change source]

In June 1992, during the Bosnian War, the Serbs living in nearby villages, (namely Podpeć, Tinja, Jasenica, Srebrenik, Gornji Lukavac) were forced to go to Smoluća Gornja by the Bosnian army. After that, Smoluća came under siege by the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This meant that it had no water, food, electricity, or medicine. The Bosniak and Croat forces would not let the Red Cross in to the village. They did not let any food or medicine in, and they did not let sick and wounded people leave. During the siege, from June 18 to August 27, 1992, 50 Serbs were killed in the Smoluća area, and 149 in nearby villages.[3] After the siege ended on August 29 1992, Smoluća was robbed and burned by Bosniak and Croat forces. The Army of Republika Srpska ended the siege.

Population[4][change | change source]

Nationality Yugoslav census of 1991 Yugoslav census of 1981 Yugoslav census of 1971 Yugoslav census of 1961
Serbs 676 742 849 927
Yugoslavs 34 62 12
Bosniaks 2 3 12 1
Slovenes 3
Croats 2 1 1
Montenegrins 1
Hungarians 1
Others and unknown 25 2 1
Total 737 814 864 942

References[change | change source]

  1. Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. census, Zavod za statistiku Bosne i Hercegovine - Bilten no.234, Sarajevo 1991.
  2. OpenStreetMap node
  3. "СМОЛУЋА- ПАРАСТОС ЗА 149 СТРАДАЛИХ". Радио Телевизија Републике Српске (Radio Television of Republika Srpska). 30 August 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2020. (in Serbian)
  4. Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia censuses: 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981. and 1991.

Coordinates: 44°37′40″N 18°30′22″E / 44.6278°N 18.5061°E / 44.6278; 18.5061