South African Republic

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South African Republic
Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek

 

1856–1877
1881–1902

Flag Coat of arms
Anthem
Transvaalse Volkslied
Location of the South African Republic, circa 1890.
Capital Pretoria

25°43′S 28°14′E / 25.717°S 28.233°E / -25.717; 28.233

Language(s) Dutch
Religion Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk
Government Republic
President
 - 1857–1863 Marthinus Wessel Pretorius
 - 1883–1902 Paul Kruger
 - 1900–1902 Schalk Willem Burger (acting)
History
 - Established 27 June 1856
 - British annexation 1877–1881
 - Second Boer War 11 October 1899
 - Treaty of Vereeniging 31 May 1902
Currency South African Republic pond
Today part of  South Africa

The South African Republic (Dutch: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often informally called the Transvaal Republic, was a sovereign state in southern Africa ruled by the Afrikaners. It was defeated by the UK and its colonies, the British Cape Colony and the Natal Colony in the Second Boer War and became the British colony of Transvaal.