South African Republic

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South African Republic
Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Transvaalse Volkslied
Location of the South African Republic, circa 1890.
Capital Pretoria

25°43′S 28°14′E / 25.717°S 28.233°E / -25.717; 28.233

Languages Dutch
Religion Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk
Government Republic
 •  1857–1863 Marthinus Wessel Pretorius
 •  1883–1902 Paul Kruger
 •  1900–1902 Schalk Willem Burger (acting)
 •  Established 27 June 1856
 •  British annexation 1877–1881
 •  Second Boer War 11 October 1899
 •  Treaty of Vereeniging 31 May 1902
Currency South African Republic pond
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Klein Vrystaat
Nieuwe Republiek
Transvaal Colony
Today part of  South Africa

The South African Republic (Dutch: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often informally called the Transvaal Republic, was a sovereign state in southern Africa ruled by the Afrikaners. It was defeated by the UK and its colonies, the British Cape Colony and the Colony of Natal in the Second Boer War and became the British colony of Transvaal.