South African Republic

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South African Republic
Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek
Flag of South African Republic
Coat of arms of South African Republic
Coat of arms
Anthem: Transvaalse Volkslied
Location of the South African Republic, circa 1890.
Location of the South African Republic, circa 1890.
CapitalPretoria 25°43′S 28°14′E / 25.717°S 28.233°E / -25.717; 28.233
Common languagesDutch
Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk
• 1857–1863
Marthinus Wessel Pretorius
• 1883–1902
Paul Kruger
• 1900–1902
Schalk Willem Burger (acting)
• Established
27 June 1856
• British annexation
11 October 1899
31 May 1902
CurrencySouth African Republic pond
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Klein Vrystaat
Nieuwe Republiek
Transvaal Colony
Today part of South Africa

The South African Republic (Dutch: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often informally called the Transvaal Republic, was a sovereign state in southern Africa ruled by the Afrikaners. It was defeated by the UK and its colonies, the British Cape Colony and the Colony of Natal in the Second Boer War and became the British colony of Transvaal.