|Area||37,673 km2 (14,546 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||1,717 m (5633 ft)|
Spitsbergen (which is also spelled Spitzbergen) is the largest island of the archipelago Svalbard. It was called West Spitsbergen until 1965. The name East Spitsbergen was proposed for the third-largest island of the group, Edgeøya.
Today, it is the only island on Svalvard which is settled permanently. The island has a size of about 380 kilometres (240 mi) by 220 kilometres (140 mi)
There are only few active settlements on Spitsbergen, among them
- Barentsburg, about 500 people
- Longyearbyen, main settlement, about 2.500 people
- Ny-Ålesund, scientific station, about 30-35 peolple
- Sveagruva,mining town, about 300, many commuting from Longyearbyen
There are several abandoned ones:
- Grumant, mining town, abandoned in 1965
- Colesbukta, shipping terminal for Grumant, about half-way between Grumant and Barentsburg.
- Ny-London, mining town, abandoned in the 1920s. Near Ny-Alesund
- Pyramiden, mining town, mostly abandoned in the 1990s