The English used in this article or section may not be easy for everybody to understand. (September 2012)
The sporocarp (also known as the fruiting body or the fruit body) of a fungus is a multicellular structure on which spore-producing structures, such as basidia or asci, are borne. Mushrooms are sporocarps that grow above ground. Truffles are sporocarps that grow underground.
The largest known fruiting body is the Fomitiporia ellipsoidea species, found on Hainan Island. The species can measure up to 1,085 centimetres (427 in) in length, and is estimated to weigh between 400 and 500 kilograms (880 and 1,100 lb).
References[change | change source]
- Cui, B.-K.; Dai, Y.-C. (2011). "Fomitiporia ellipsoidea has the largest fruiting body among the fungi". Fungal Biology. 115 (9): 813–814. doi:10.1016/j.funbio.2011.06.008.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Walker, M. (1 August 2011). "Giant fungus discovered in China". Nature. BBC. Archived from the original on 2018-09-05. Retrieved 2012-09-19.
Bibliography[change | change source]
- Zabowski, D.; Zasoski, R. J.; Littke, W.; Ammirati, J. (1990). "Metal content of fungal sporocarps from urban, rural, and sludge-treated sites". Journal of Environmental Quality. 19 (3): 372–377. doi:10.2134/jeq1990.00472425001900030004x.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)