Struve Geodetic Arc

This article is about a World Heritage Site
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Struve Geodetic Arc
Hammerfest Meridianstein.jpg
The northernmost station of the Struve Geodetic Arc is located in Fuglenes, Norway.
Struve Geodetic Arc-zoom-en.svg
Map of the Struve Geodetic Arc where red points identify the World Heritage Sites.
General information
TypeEnsemble of memorable sites
LocationEstonia, Belarus, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Moldova, Russia, Sweden, and Ukraine
Coordinates59°3′28″N 26°20′16″E / 59.05778°N 26.33778°E / 59.05778; 26.33778Coordinates: 59°3′28″N 26°20′16″E / 59.05778°N 26.33778°E / 59.05778; 26.33778
OpenedGeodetic Arc
Design and construction
ArchitectFriedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve
Official nameStruve Geodetic Arc
Criteriaii, iii, vi
Reference1187
Inscription2005 (29th Session)
Tartu Old Observatory, the first point of the arc.
alt text
The commemorative plaque of the arc in Baranivka, Ukraine
Hogland Z

The Struve Geodetic Arc is a chain of survey triangulations that go from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black Sea. They go through ten countries and over 2,820 kilometres (1,750 miles). It made the first accurate measurement of a meridian arc.

The chain was made and used by the German-born Russian scientist Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve in the years 1816 to 1855. He did this to find the exact size and shape of the earth. At that time, the chain passed through two countries: Union of Sweden-Norway and the Russian Empire. The Arc's first point is in Tartu Observatory. This is where Struve did much of his research.

In 2005, the chain was added on the World Heritage List. There are 34 plaques or obelisks out of the original 265.

Chain[change | change source]

Norway[change | change source]

Sweden[change | change source]

Finland[change | change source]

Russia[change | change source]

Estonia[change | change source]

Latvia[change | change source]

Lithuania[change | change source]

Belarus[change | change source]

Moldova[change | change source]

Ukraine[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Struve Geodetic Arc at Wikimedia Commons