Svalbard Global Seed Vault

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Svalbard Global Seed Vault
Svalbard globale frøhvelv
Global Seed Vault (cropped).jpg
Svalbard Global Seed Vault is located in Svalbard
Svalbard Global Seed Vault
Location within Svalbard
General information
StatusComplete
TypeSeed bank
LocationSpitsbergen
Town or cityLongyearbyen
CountryNorway
Coordinates78°14′09″N 15°29′29″E / 78.235867°N 15.491374°E / 78.235867; 15.491374Coordinates: 78°14′09″N 15°29′29″E / 78.235867°N 15.491374°E / 78.235867; 15.491374
Elevation130 m (430 ft)
Groundbreaking19 June 2006[1]
Opened26 February 2008[2]
CostTemplate:NOK
(US$8.8 million, 2008)
Technical details
Floor count1
Floor areac. 1,000 m2
(c. 11,000 sq ft)[3]
Awards and prizesNorwegian Lighting Prize for 2009
No. 6 TIME's Best Inventions of 2008
Website
Official website

The Svalbard Global Seed Vault (Norwegian: Svalbard globale frøhvelv) is a seed bank (a place where seeds are kept) in Norway. It is on the island of Spitsbergen, near Longyearbyen, in the Arctic Svalbard archipelago. It is about 1,300 kilometres (810 miles) from the North Pole.[4] Conservationist Cary Fowler worked with the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR),[5] to start the vault.

The vault is there to save many different kinds of plant seeds. The seeds at the vault are copies of seeds from other places around the world. Copies of seeds are kept in case the seeds in other places are lost. Three organizations decided how to manage the vault. Those organizations were the Norwegian government, the Global Crop Diversity Trust (GCDT) and the Nordic Genetic Resource Center (NordGen).[6]

The Norwegian government paid for building the vault. It cost about 45 million Norwegian kroner (US$9 million) to build.[7] Storing seeds in the vault is free. Norway and GCDT pay to operate the vault. GCDT gets money from organisations such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and from different governments worldwide.[8]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Work begins on Arctic seed vault". BBC News. 19 June 2006. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
  2. Mellgren, Doug (27 February 2008). "'Doomsday' seed vault opens in Arctic". Associated Press via msnbc.com. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
  3. "Svalbard Global Seed Vault: The Location". Regjeringen.no. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
  4. Charles, Daniel (23 June 2006). "A 'Forever' Seed Bank Takes Root in the Arctic". Science 312 (5781): 1730–1731. doi:10.1126/science.312.5781.1730b. PMID 16794050. 
  5. Siebert, Charles (July 2011). "Food Ark". National Geographic 220 (1): 108–131. OCLC 741814684. http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2011/07/food-ark/siebert-text. 
  6. "What is NordGen?". Nordgen.org. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
  7. "Svalbard Global Seed Vault: Frequently Asked Questions". Regjeringen.no. Archived from the original on 21 October 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
  8. "Donors". CropTrust.org. Retrieved 3 July 2011.

Other websites[change | change source]