Tharon

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Tharon
Original titleThalon Puya
CountryAncient Manipur
LanguageMeitei language (Manipuri language)
GenreMeitei literature
The Tharon is based on the ancient lore of the twelve lunar months of the year.

Thāron or Tharol is an ancient Meitei literary work (puya), about the lore of the twelve lunar months of a year. It describes the changing pattern of nature in the following months. It is one of the masterpieces of the writers of the ancient times.[1][2][3]

The terms, "Tha" means month or moon and "ron", derived from "lon" means knowledge, lore or tradition.[4]

The names of the twelve lunar months were given in Ancient Meitei language in the manuscript. However, the following illustrates both the Ancient Meitei as well as Modern Meitei names, with their Gregorian equivalents:

Ancient Meitei Latin-Roman transliteration Modern Meitei Latin-Roman transliteration Gregorian equivalents
ꯁꯆꯤꯐꯣꯢ (ꯆꯤꯟꯄꯤ) Sachiphoy (Chinpi) ꯁꯖꯤꯕꯨ Sajibu Apr-May
ꯀꯥꯟꯄꯤ Kaanpee ꯀꯥꯂꯦꯟ Kalen May-Jun
ꯑꯁꯥꯎ Asaau ꯏꯉꯥ Ee-ngaa Jun-Jul
ꯍꯥꯂꯦꯡ Haaleng ꯏꯉꯦꯟ Ee-ngen Jul-Aug
ꯋꯥꯟꯇꯠ Waantat ꯊꯧꯋꯥꯟ Thouwaan Aug-Sept
ꯑꯆꯤꯠ (ꯂꯥꯡꯄꯟ) Achit (Laangpan) ꯂꯥꯡꯕꯟ Laangban Sept-Oct
ꯑꯥꯂꯦ (ꯃꯦꯂꯥ) Aale (Melaa) ꯃꯦꯔꯥ Meraa Oct-Nov
ꯆꯤꯛꯊꯝ (ꯍꯤꯌꯥꯡꯀꯩ) Chiktham (Hiyaangkei) ꯍꯤꯌꯥꯡꯒꯩ Heeyaangei Nov-Dec
ꯎꯟꯊꯝ Untham ꯄꯣꯢꯅꯨ Poinu Dec-Jan
ꯏꯟꯊꯝ Eentham ꯋꯥꯛꯆꯤꯡ Waakching Jan-Feb
ꯑꯁꯤꯠ (ꯐꯥꯢꯂꯦꯜ) Ashit (Phailel) ꯐꯥꯢꯔꯦꯜ Fairel Feb-Mar
ꯊꯥꯄꯤ Thaapee ꯂꯝꯇꯥ Lamta Mar-Apr

References[change | change source]