The Conquest of Malacca (epic poem)

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Francisco de Sá de Meneses'staue at monument of Luís de Camões in Lisbon

The Conquest of Malacca (Malaca conquistada) is an epic poem by Portuguese poet Francisco de Sá de Meneses.[1]

General information[change | change source]

The Conquest of Malacca is an epic poem.[2] It was published in 1634.[3] It is one of the more noted Portuguese poem of the 17th century.[4]

Author[change | change source]

Francisco de Sá de Meneses was a poet of Baroque. He was born about 1600 and died in 1664.[5]

Form[change | change source]

The poem is written in ottava rima[6] (oitava-rima in Portuguese).[7] In other words it is composed of stanzas of eight lines, rhymed abababcc. The same strophe was used earlier by Luís de Camões in The Lusiads.

Canto as armas e o grande Lusitano
Que, desde a ocidental extrema parte,
Aonde o Sol se levanta do oceano
Levou das Quinas santas o estandarte
E (castigado o pérfido tirano)
A cidade ganhou, por força e arte,
Do áureo reino, e trocou com pio exemplo
A profana mesquita em sacro templo.[8]

Story[change | change source]

The poem by Francisco de Sá de Meneses tells about the batles of Malacca. The battle was fought in 1511. Portuguese forces, led by Afonso de Albuquerque, the governor of India, seized the city of Malacca. The city was a strong fortress. It controlled the strait of Malacca, which was the way to China.

Translation[change | change source]

The poem was translated into English by Edgar C. Knowlton, Jr. The book was published by University of Malaya Press in Kuala Lumpur in 1970.[9]

References[change | change source]

  1. Francisco de Sá Meneses at Projecto Vercial.
  2. J. G. de Casparis, 'The Conquest of Malacca. By Menses Francisco de Sa de. Translated by Knowlton Edgar C. Jr. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press, 1970. xxxiv. 234 pp. Glossaries. M $22.50', The Journal of Asian Studies, Volume 32, Issue 4 (August 1973), p. 748
  3. Nicholas Tarling, The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), p. 199
  4. Carroll Davidson Wright, The New Century Book of Facts (Springfield, MA: King-Richardson Company, 1909), p. 852
  5. Francisco de Sá de Meneses.
  6. Ottava rima at Encyclopaedia Britannica.
  7. Oitava-rima.
  8. Francisco de Sá Meneses, Malaca conquistada. Canto I
  9. Francisco de Sa de Meneses, The Conquest of Malacca. Translated by Edgar C. Knowlton, Jr, Univeristy of Malaya Press, Kuala Lumpur 1970.

Bibliography[change | change source]

  • Francisco de Sá de Meneses; Bernardo Ferreira (1779). Malaca conquistada pelo grande Alfonso de Albuquerque.

Other websites[change | change source]