Timeline of Burgundian and Habsburg acquisitions in the Low Countries

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Territories of the house of Valois-Burgundy during the reign of Charles the Bold.

Around the 13th and early 14th century, many Dutch cities became important. They played a major role in the political and economical affairs of their fiefs.[1]

The Flemish cities gained powers over their county. When Louis II, Count of Flanders, died without a male heir, these cities (Bruges, Ypres and Ghent) arranged a marriage between his daughter and the Duke of Burgundy. By doing this, they set in motion events that led to the Burgundian and, in 1478, the Habsburg Netherlands.

Under Burgundy[change | change source]

Under Habsburg[change | change source]

Politically the Burgundian and Habsburg periods were very important to the Dutch. This is because the various Dutch fiefs were now united politically into one single group.[2] The period ended in great turmoil. There was the rise of Protestantism, the policies of the Habsburg Empire, and other factors resulted in the Dutch Revolt and the Eighty Years' War.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Low Countries, 1000–1400 A.D.", in Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000
  2. Chapter 3, Forming Political Unity, paragraph 3; The Age of Habsburg (1477–1588).