Type 38 75 mm field gun

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Type 38 75 mm field gun
Type 38 75 mm field gun
TypeField gun
Place of origin Empire of Japan
Service history
In service1905-1945
Used byWar flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svgImperial Japanese Army
WarsWorld War I
Second Sino-Japanese War
World War II
Production history
ManufacturerOsaka Arsenal
No. built2000
VariantsType 38 (improved)
Mass947 kilograms (2,088 lb) (Type 38)
1,135.7 kilograms (2,504 lb) (Improved Type 38)
Barrel length2.286 metres (7 ft 6 in) L/31

Shell6 kilograms (13 lb)
Caliber75 mm (2.95 in)
Breechinterrupted screw (Type 38)
horizontal sliding wedge (Improved Type 38)
Carriagefixed trail
Elevation-8° to +16° 30' (Type 38)
-8° to +43° (Improved Type 38)
Rate of fire8-10 rpm
Muzzle velocity510 m/s (1,673 ft/s)
Effective firing range8,350 metres (9,130 yd) (Type 38)
Maximum firing range11,600 metres (12,700 yd) (Improved Type 38)

The Type 38 75 mm field gun (三八式野砲, Sanhachi-shiki yahō) was a field gun used by the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA).[1] It became a standard field gun of the IJA after the end of the Russo-Japanese War.[2]

History[change | change source]

Japan had experience with artillery in its war with Russia in 1904-05.[3]

In 1905 (Meiji 38), the Imperial Japanese Army selected Krupp's artillery design. At first, the field guns were imported.[4]

Over 2000 guns were produced under license at the Army’s Osaka Arsenal.[4]

After World War I, the weapon was re-designed in Japan.[5]

Plans to replace the Type 38s with Type 90 75 mm field guns went forward in 1931.[6] However, Type 38s continued to be used.[7]

Combat record[change | change source]

Type 38s were used in the Second Sino-Japanese War and in World War II.

Related pages[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. This field gun type was named "thirty-eight" because it was ordered in 1905; and 1905 was the 38th year of the reign of Emperor Meiji -- 1905 (Meiji 38).
  2. "Model 38 75 mm field gun," US Technical Manual, pp. 222-223; retrieved 2012-2-18.
  3. Neuffer, William. "What Lessons In The Employment Of Field Artillery Should Be Deduced From The Experiences Of The Russo-Japanese War?" Artilleristische Monatshefts (The Field Artillery Journal), No. 35, November 1909; (British) General Staff, War Office. "The Russo-Japanese War," Reports From British Officers Attached To The Russian Forces In The Field, Vol. III, July 1907, pp. 106- 117.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Mayer, Sydney L. (1984) The Rise and Fall of Imperial Japan, p. 97.
  5. US Department of War. (1994). TM 30-480, Handbook on Japanese Military Forces.
  6. Mayer, pp. 57-59.
  7. Bishop, Chris. (1998). "75-mm Field Gun Type 38 (Improved)," The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, p. 142.

Other websites[change | change source]