United Kingdom Independence Party
||This article needs to be updated. (September 2016)|
|UK Independence Party|
|Welsh name||Plaid Annibyniaeth y DU|
|Executive chairman||Steve Crowther|
|Founded||3 September 1993|
|Headquarters||Newton Abbot, Devon|
|Youth wing||Young Independence|
|European Parliament group||Europe of Freedom and Democracy|
|Colours||Purple and Yellow|
|House of Commons|
|House of Lords|
|Police & Crime Commissioners|
The United Kingdom Independence Party (often called UKIP, said "you-kipp") is a political party in the United Kingdom. Its policies promote conservatism, classical liberalism, libertarianism, national conservatism, and Euroscepticism. Their only real policy is said to be that they want the UK to leave the European Union.
The party was founded in 1993, and they first won seats in the European Parliament in 1999. They won 3 seats in 1999, which was increased to 12 in 2004 and 13 in 2009. It is now 9. The party does not do well under Britain's 'First-past-the-post' system of elections and only has one seat in the British House of Commons, although they received 3.8 million votes (12.6% of the total vote) at the 2015 UK General Election.
Supporters of UKIP mostly believe in the following things:
- - The United Kingdom should leave the European Union.
- - There should be more referendums on certain issues.
- - British people should not have to carry ID cards.
In 2008 UKIP banned people who used to be members of the British National Party (BNP) from joining.
May 2014 elections[change | change source]
2015 General Election[change | change source]
UKIP came third in the May 2015 General Election, after the Labour Party and the Conservative Party. The party got 12.9% of the vote and gained one seat.
2017 General Election[change | change source]
In the 2017 general election, UKIP's share of the vote went down to 1.8 and they didn't win any seats. The next day UKIP's leader Paul Nuttall resigned.
Current Members[change | change source]
There are currently over 40,000 people who are members of the UKIP. Of these, some are politicians. Thirteen of them are members of the European Parliament.
|East Midlands||Derek Clark|
|East of England||David Campbell-Bannerman, Stuart Agnew|
|North West England||Paul Nuttall|
|South East England||Nigel Farage, Marta Andreasen|
|South West England||Trevor Colman, Earl of Dartmouth|
|West Midlands||Mike Nattrass|
|Yorkshire and the Humber||Godfrey Bloom|
Sources[change | change source]
- George Eaton, "UKIP membership hits 30,000. Could it overtake the Lib Dems next?". New Statesman, 12 July 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2013
- Rooksby, Ed (19 December 2012). "Ukip are true libertarians". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/dec/19/ukip-conservatives. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
- "Local elections: What does UKIP stand for?". BBC. 3 may 2013. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-22396690. "They can broadly be seen as right wing, with a strong libertarian flavour and a dash of social conservatism."
- Robinson, Chris (13). Electoral Systems and Voting in the United Kingdom. Edinburgh University Press. p. 203. ISBN 978-0748627509.
- Aylott, Nicholas; Magnus Blomgren, Torbjorn Bergman (18). Political Parties in Multi-Level Polities: The Nordic Countries Compared. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 2009. ISBN 978-0230243736.
- "Douglas Carswell quitting UKIP". 25 March 2017. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-39393213. Retrieved 25 March 2017.