United Kingdom Independence Party

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UK Independence Party
Welsh namePlaid Annibyniaeth y DU
LeaderGerard Batten
Secretary-GeneralJonathan Arnott
Deputy LeaderMike Hookem
Executive chairmanSteve Crowther
PresidentJeffrey Titford
Founded3 September 1993
HeadquartersNewton Abbot, Devon
Youth wingYoung Independence
Membership  (2018)Decrease 21,000
Right-wing populism
Political positionRight-wing[4]
International affiliationNone
European affiliationNone
European Parliament groupEurope of Freedom and Democracy
ColoursPurple and Yellow
House of Commons
0 / 650
House of Lords
3 / 724
European Parliament
17 / 73
Local government
108 / 21,259
Police & Crime Commissioners
0 / 41
Political parties
Nigel Farage was the leader of the UK Independence Party until July 2016

The United Kingdom Independence Party (often called UKIP, said "you-kipp") is a political party in the United Kingdom. Its policies promote conservatism, classical liberalism, libertarianism, national conservatism, and Euroscepticism. Their main policy is for the UK to leave the European Union.

The party was founded in 1993, and they first won seats in the European Parliament in 1999. They won 3 seats in 1999, which was increased to 12 in 2004 and 13 in 2009. It is now 9. The party does not do well under Britain's 'First-past-the-post' system of elections and only has one seat in the British House of Commons, although they received 3.8 million votes (12.6% of the total vote) at the 2015 UK General Election.

Supporters of UKIP mostly believe in the following things:

  • - The United Kingdom should leave the European Union.
  • - There should be more referendums on certain issues.
  • - British people should not have to carry ID cards.

In 2008 UKIP banned people who used to be members of the British National Party (BNP) from joining.

On 9 October 2014 Douglas Carswell became UKIP's first elected MP.[5] Carswell quit the party in 2017[6].

May 2014 elections[change | change source]

In the May 2014 local elections UKIP got 30% of the vote in Sunderland.[7] The party gained 155 seats in the country.[8]

2015 General Election[change | change source]

UKIP came third in the May 2015 General Election, after the Labour Party and the Conservative Party. The party got 12.9% of the vote and gained one seat.

2017 General Election[change | change source]

In the 2017 general election, UKIP's share of the vote went down to 1.8 and they didn't win any seats. The next day UKIP's leader Paul Nuttall resigned.

Current Members[change | change source]

There are currently over 20,000 people who are members of the UKIP. Of these, some are politicians. seventeen of them are members of the European Parliament.

East Midlands Derek Clark
East of England David Campbell-Bannerman, Stuart Agnew
London Gerard Batten
North West England Paul Nuttall
South East England Nigel Farage, Marta Andreasen
South West England Trevor Colman, Earl of Dartmouth
Wales John Bufton
West Midlands Mike Nattrass
Yorkshire and the Humber Godfrey Bloom

Sources[change | change source]

  1. Rooksby, Ed (19 December 2012). "Ukip are true libertarians". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  2. "Local elections: What does UKIP stand for?". BBC. 3 may 2013. They can broadly be seen as right wing, with a strong libertarian flavour and a dash of social conservatism. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. Robinson, Chris (13). Electoral Systems and Voting in the United Kingdom. Edinburgh University Press. p. 203. ISBN 978-0748627509. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help); Check date values in: |date=, |year= / |date= mismatch (help)
  4. Aylott, Nicholas (18). Political Parties in Multi-Level Polities: The Nordic Countries Compared. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 2009. ISBN 978-0230243736. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help); Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help); Check date values in: |date=, |year= / |date= mismatch (help)
  5. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-29549414
  6. "Douglas Carswell quitting UKIP". 25 March 2017. Retrieved 25 March 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  7. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-27534191
  8. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/24/world/europe/britain-elections.html?_r=0

Other websites[change | change source]