Euroscepticism is the criticism of the European Union (EU). Some observers also say that the total rejection of the EU is euroscepticism. Euroscepticism should not be confused with Anti-Europeanism, which is the dislike or fear of European culture and/or people.
Eurosceptics says that the European Union weakens the nation state. They also say that the European Union is too bureaucratic (meaning that important decisions are made by officials who aren't elected). In 2016, the countries with the most unfavourable view of the EU were Greece, France, Spain and the United Kingdom.
Polls[change | change source]
In November 2015, a poll showed that those with a positive image of the EU went down from 52% in 2007 to 37%. Distrust of the EU was highest in Greece (81%), Cyprus (72%), Austria (65%), France (65%) Germany (63%), the United Kingdom (63%) and the Czech Republic (63%).
Parties[change | change source]
Some major Eurosceptic parties are shown below (organized by country):
References[change | change source]
- Matthew (26 October 2011). "Why anti-EUism is not left-wing". Workers' Liberty. Alliance for Workers LibertyAnti-Europeanism. http://www.workersliberty.org/story/2011/10/26/why-anti-euism-not-left-wing. Retrieved 31 January 2016.
- Kopel, David, Silencing opposition in the EU, Davekopel.org, http://www.davekopel.org/Media/Mags/SilencingOppositionInTheEU.htm, retrieved 18 February 2015
- Hannan, Daniel (14 November 2007). "Why aren't we shocked by a corrupt EU?". The Daily Telegraph (London). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/3644012/Why-arent-we-shocked-by-a-corrupt-EU.html. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- Euroscepticism on the rise across Europe as analysis finds increasing opposition to the EU in France, Germany and Spain, https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/euroscepticism-on-the-rise-across-europe-as-analysis-finds-increasing-opposition-to-the-eu-in-france-a7069766.html, retrieved 1 August 2016
- Han Werts, Marcel Lubbers, and Peer Scheepers (2013) Euro-scepticism and radical right-wing voting in Europe, 2002–2008: Social cleavages, socio-political attitudes and contextual characteristics determining voting for the radical right, European Union Politics, vol. 14 no. 2: 183–205.