Viktor Anpilov (Russian: Ви́ктор Ива́нович Анпи́лов; 2 October 1945 — 15 January 2018) was a Russian hardline Communist politician and trade unionist. He was born in in Belaya Glina, Krasnodar Krai. Anpilov joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1972. He worked as a Soviet journalist in Latin America.
During the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis, he was one of the leaders of the anti-Boris Yeltsin uprising. In 2007 he took part in the Dissenters March organized to protest against president Vladimir Putin policies.